# AERODYNAMICS OF HOVERCRAFT PDF

Key concepts. Vehicles Air Friction Engineering Aerodynamics Introduction Have you ever ridden on a hovercraft? It is like gliding on a cushion. Our goal is to make our hovercraft design more aerodynamic by reducing the cross-sectional area of the reference face and eliminating any flat surfaces. I can’t speak to what sources you were reading, but the air under a hovercraft is higher than ambient air pressure, not lower. Wikipedia.

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I’ve read a few different explanations of how hovercrafts hover, and they all mention a low-pressure cushion of air.

Can’t read the image? The flat double-wing design for small, medium, and large cargo or military transport vehicles allows travel from very slow to medium to high speeds over water or land. Introduction A hovercraft is a type of vehicle that rides on air that is aerodynwmics pressure.

## The Making and Unmaking of the American Hovercraft

We must also design our skirt so that it contains the air, but also allows air to escape from the bottom when the pressure is too high. These currents are pushed beneath the vehicle with the use of fans. Also, if air is being forced into the space under the craft, why is this air cushion not high-pressure? A wind tunnel simulates the movement of an object e. The drag force can be calculated using the following equation:. For example, if it took three breaths to fill the balloon to maximum size, use only one breath or less to blow it up now.

Coast Guard toyed with the idea of using his A vehicle, which evolved from his first hovercraft, for ice patrol and rescue. Because a hovercraft can travel over flat land or water, it is an amphibious vehicle. In fact, that’s exactly what you’re doing—a hovercraft is a vehicle that glides over a smooth surface on a cushion of air.

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### The Making and Unmaking of the American Hovercraft | Popular Science

Gull wing doors make entry into the cockpit easy. He was also one of the first people in the United States to pilot a hovercraft, which attracted attention from the government for its military potential. After the nod from Popular Science, several demonstrations for local papers, and a few tours with the Aerldynamics Trade Fair, Bertelsen became a small-town star. Can you use the action of a modified hovercraft for any practical purpose, or to solve a problem?

A smaller wake means less drag produced and therefore, lowers opposing forces, resulting in a faster hovercraft. For any other use, please contact Science Buddies. Bertelsen blames the craft’s obscurity on last century’s low fuel prices; since Americans didn’t need to find an alternative to gas-guzzling cars, they ignored hovercrafts, hoercraft could have used less fuel than automobiles.

For example, if it took three breaths to blow the balloon hovercrart as large as you safely could, use only two breaths or a little less to inflate it this time.

Do not operate the hovercraft over water ohvercraft on rough surfaces. Bertelsen was the first person to develop an ACV with a peripheral jet, which directs the high-pressure stream of air downward, rather than inward. Very high High Moderate Low Very low. Yes, I Did This Project! This is truly a four season vehicle. Bertelsen’s day job was the inspiration for hkvercraft craft. The vehicle design is adaptable from one-man units to large, ocean-going high-speed cargo ships of feet and over, with carrying capacities over five million pounds.

It gives reasonable overall performance in respect of yovercraft lift-to-drag ratio, and has gentle and relatively benign stall characteristics [ 11 ].

A lifetime of dedication is nothing to frown at, and neither is an year-old who’s still working, playing, and trying to aaerodynamics transportation. The pressure difference at the wing upper surface and the lower surface produces the lift force which may meet the necessary requirements.

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The large balloon aaerodynamics the largest amount of air and should have allowed the hovercraft to stay aloft for the longest amount of time. Try different types of materials for the skirt. That makes perfect sense.

In hoverctaft, this is exactly what is going on. It was a mild June day when reporters from Popular Science knocked on his door, eager to photograph the newly developed “car without wheels” in his backyard. Alternatively, you can use either a water-displacement method: The base structure was designed and its lift, thrust and drag has been determined.

A drag force act on the Hovercraft is always negative. A hovercraft is a vehicle that glides over a smooth surface by hovering upon an air cushion.

Computational fluid dynamics CFD is a numerical methods based computer program in which all the governing equations are approximated hovsrcraft find efficient results by averaging them. He dreamt it up while trying to rush to his patients’ homes—in colder seasons, a wintry mix always postponed house calls.

Riding on Hocercraft a Real Hovercraft. Think about features of this craft that you can change, such as the construction materials, the lid’s opening size, the hovercraft’s shape or its size.

### How does a Hovercraft use Aerodynamics to hover? by Parmveer Gahunia on Prezi

In all his days at school, he hadn’t taken a single class in aerodynamics, and only took one course in physics. Thrust, which is created by the propulsion system, is the force that pushes the hovercraft forward. How long aerodynzmics the hovercraft hover? Wind tunnel wall correction factors are often cited to make the results equivalent to wall-free results.

The basic hovercraft you built can be modified to provide more control, and to test other designs.