The Agganna Sutta presents a Buddhist creation fable with a moral about castes. Here is a condensed version of the tale. AGGANNA SUTTA: On Knowledge of Beginnings. This is a text taken from a larger collection called the Long Discourses (Digha. Nikaya); the teachings. In contrast with the brahmin’s self-serving mythologies of the past, the Buddha presents an account of evolution that shows how human choices are an integral.
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I gathered rice for two days all at once. Then those beings started to eat the solid nectar, breaking it into lumps. He with knowledge and conduct is best of gods and men.
DN27 Aggañña Sutta: On Knowledge of Beginnings
Then some of those same beings thought: And those beings set to and ate the fungus. Further, the Buddha proves that Dhamma is indeed the best thing of all things sutt life.
Then those beings approached the being among them who was most attractive, good-looking, lovely, and illustrious, and said: They floated above and around the Earth. But from the four clans, there were people who were not satisfied with their living, left their home and became celibate ascetics. And as they continued to feed on the fungus, so their bodies became coarser still, and the difference in their looks increased still more.
King Pasenadi of Kosala knows that the ascetic Gotama has gone sutya from the neighboring clan of the Sakyans.
DN The Origin of the World—Bhikkhu Sujato
The Big Bang, in this interpretation, marks not the beginning of the Evolutionary phase but the ending of the earlier Devolutionary phase, when there appears seven suns as in a different Suttasymbolic aggahna intense heat. Now, one of those beings was reckless. Among those who disagree is Suwanda H J Sugunasiri, a Canadian Buddhist scholar, who most recently has presented a novel interpretation of the Sutta.
Next, creepers appeared, shooting up like bamboo Some of those same beings, taking up an active sex life, applied themselves to various jobs.
Then, he explains about the beginning of the Earth and the birth of social order and its structure, including the castes. What was considered bad form in those days is now considered good form. They came down to the neighborhood of a village or town where they dwelt compiling texts. When the solid nectar had vanished, ground-sprouts appeared to those beings.
There they are mind-made, feeding on rapture, self-luminous, moving through the sky, steadily glorious, and they remain like that for a very long time. They took more rice than they needed for one day’s meals.
Here they dwell, mind-made, feeding on delight, self-luminous, moving through the air, glorious — and they stay like that for a very long time. And as a result of the disappearance of their self-luminance, the moon and the sun appeared, night and day were distinguished, months and fortnights appeared, and the year and its seasons.
At a time of expansion, the beings from the Abhassara Brahma world, having died from there, are mostly reborn in this world. What have we lost!
When people noticed this they said: They too enjoyed it, and craving was born in them. Women spent too much time gazing at men, and men at women.
He is powerful, I am weak. And the good-looking ones despised the others, saying: And the females developed female sex-organs, and the males developed male organs.
And there they dwell, mind-made, feeding on delight, self-luminous, moving through the air, glorious — and they stay like that for a very long time. They have wrong view, and they act out of that wrong view. The Buddha quoted the verses of Brahma Sandakumara: They originated among these very same beings, like ourselves, no different, and in accordance with Dhamma, not otherwise.
Today many would agree sutat the sentiment expressed. So too will a Brahmin,  a Vessa or a Sudda. The concepts of the beautiful and the ugly were born. They would be profiting from their deeds, no matter what their caste might be. DA says compiling the Vedas and teaching them.
People noticed this and ‘Those who meditated’ were called ‘Jhayanti’ or ‘Jhayaka’. Then, amongst the people, some of them begin to think like this: