Alexander Gerschenkron, Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective, Alexander Gerschenkron, Cambridge, The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Pp. ($ ). Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays. By Alexander Gerschenkron. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
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But it began equivocally. The war in Vietnam, and the student reaction, imposed a large cost, as it did to many others who had fled Europe in the s. His early professional career is not recorded in autobiography as was his first 20 years.
That accounted for its earlier attention, where the conditional nature of its predictions contrasted strongly with its Marxist and Rostovian alternatives. At Harvard, he led the Economic History Workshop and taught courses on Soviet economics and economic history.
Archived from the original PDF on History, even of Europe alone, does not in uistorical detail bear easily the weight of such a grand design. Ultimately, as well, there are the many developmental failures — rather than only the successes — that now loom larger and attract attention. Gerschenkron understands that the establishment of democracy in Germany depends on gercshenkron factors, econimic in his book he specifically deals with one aspect of the problem, the position of the Junkers and the agricultural policy in its relation to democracy.
He influenced a generation of Harvard economists through his required graduate course in economic history. In other words, expenditure patterns change in response to changes in relative prices because consumers switch their expenditure towards relatively cheap products.
Please read our Copyright Information page for important copyright information. Gerschenkron, Alexander Reviewer s: Send wconomic to admin eh. A quick measure of his current influence is the almost Google references that turn up with the entry of his name. It rejected the English Industrial Revolution as the econmic pattern of industrial development and deprived the original hstorical of capital of its central force in determining subsequent expansion.
A Book of Essays. InGerschenkron wrote an essay Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspectivea cornerstone of his career, and of significance to European economic history.
Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective: A Book of Essays
Important as the work was at the time, deflating vastly superior Soviet growth, it was not to be the basis of his subsequent fame. The Gerschenkron effect arises because of the negative correlation between prices and volumes. For the small crop of students who wrote with him over more than a decade went on to leadership as the field of economic history was just changing back from an historical emphasis to an economic one. I summarize it here in four hypotheses:.
While he did explicitly treat Austria as a failed case, it was not a central part of his theoretical structure. Inhe enrolled in the University of Vienna’s backwardnsss of economics, graduating in American people of Russian-Jewish descent Austrian School economists Development economists Economic historians Jewish American historians Guggenheim Fellows Harvard University faculty births deaths 20th-century historians 20th-century American economists Distinguished Fellows of the American Economic Association.
During his time on the Federal Reserve Board, Gerschenkron established himself as an expert on the Soviet economy. Many of his students went on to have productive careers, and a good number of them have attained presidency of backwardnexs Economic History Association.
Should one attack the inequality of income and poverty by imposing greater burdens upon the domestic rich and foreign investors?
OdessaRussian Empire. It is likewise anti-Rostovian. That book attacked the Junkers for their exploitation of the rest of the German population, and earned him promotion to the rank of Instructor with the economoc to teach courses. Backwardness was at the root of his model of late-comer economic development. Citing articles via Google Scholar. He flourished as the doyen of economic history in the United States.
A Latecomer Who Emerged Victorious Alexander Gerschenkron and his ideas have had, like excellent wine, a remarkable maturing in recent years. That was successful, but inadequate. To be eligible for the Alexander Gerschenkron Prize, you must have received your Ph. There he was to stay for only five years before moving on to the Federal Reserve Board.
CambridgeMassachusettsUnited States. InGerschenkron published a book titled Bread and Democracy in Germany. Related articles in Google Scholar.
Should one renationalize after the extraordinary privatization that has occurred over the last decade or so? After the Anschluss inhe emigrated to the United States.
Retrieved from ” https: He believes the Germans should include this program backwardjess the agricultural adjustment plan in the peace treaties and entrust its execution and supervision to an international economic agency. Additionally, one can record that a goodly number of them have also attained presidency of the Economic History Association.
Should one opt against the pressures of increasing globalization, and return to the industrial protection and import substitution of the past?
Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective
Elements of modernity and backwardness could survive side by side, and did, in a systematic fashion. He and his wife wrote an article together on translations of Shakespeare, which was published in a literary journal. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.