Amine Thermal Reclamation; Technology Development from Keywords: CO2 capture; amine; degradation; reclamation . amines during a reclaimer cycle. Amine reclaimer wastes (ARW) generated in CO2 capture processes demand suitable disposal means. Such wastes contain remaining amine, NH3 and other. Amine reclaimer wastes (ARW) generated in carbon capture and sequestration ( CCS) is categorized as a hazardous waste which needs proper disposal.

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The reclaimer system was operated continuously, irrespective of the limit of oxozolidone content which is not as per the design specifications thereby increasing the exposure between carbon steel material parts of the system to the corrosive environment more than design. This reaction rate was used to estimated the MEA degradation rate at different O 2 concentrations in the Flue gas. Mass profiles, together with volume and temperature profiles within the reclaimer were found with respect of time.

Amine reclaimer technologies Haaversen, Linn Christine Loe. The concentration taken for SO 2 is the gas phase concentration. MEA is known to degrade with different impurities in flue rexlaimer.

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Output of the exchanger is sour water to the effluent treatment system. This causes loss of valuable and expensive amine that has to be replaced together with reduced solvent performance. The degradation products also interact with MEA molecules according to reactions 3 and 4. The following reaction rate has been derived experimentally: The model still needs some improvements.


Oxidative degradation is the main form of MEA loss in a capture process. The following reaction rate has been derived experimentally:.

Recalimer degradation rate depends on Temperature, oxygen concentration in the flue gas, MEA concentration, SO2 concentration in the flue gas and CO 2 loading [31].

The following reactions show how the possible HSS are formed. Sulfinol Reclaimer column is utilized to remove oxozolidone from lean sulfinol solution containing sulfolane, DIPA, water, oxozolidone, H2S and CO2 which is heated by medium pressure steam. Vapour containing H2S, CO2, and sulfinol leave the top of the column and oxosolidone in the liquid phase, which in turn leaves at the bottom outlet of the column.

To prevent these degradation products to accumulate, and to regain lost reclaiker, a reclaimer can be used to purify the contaminated amine solution.

Collections Institutt for kjemisk prosessteknologi []. Where, Estimation of heat stable salts formation follows from the removal rates and stoichimetry of the reactions: This reaction model is a simplified one, since in reality there are numerous degradation products detected in amine reclaimer samples that could form heat stable salts.

Abstract Carbon dioxide CO2 capture in post-combustion by the use of amines is one of several technologies known to reduce the release of CO2 to the atmosphere when burning fossil fuels. Some features of this site may not work without it. MEA degradation leads to many degradation reclaimet.

Appendix D Thermal reclaiming of amine systems | Global CCS Institute

For case 4B the MEA degradation would be significantly larger 1. The reclaimer is periodically discharged to empty the accumulated salts. The following model is a parametric model that aims to quantify the influence of gas impurities in the waste generated by reclaijer reclaimer unit. The first objective in this thesis was to perform a literature study on the different amine reclaimer technologies with the intention to collect and summarize already published information.


One of the problems related to the amine process is amine degradation, which leads to accumulation of degradation products. Estimation of MEA loss is done trough the following equations:.

The figure below show the results: Corrosion in Amine Reclaimer System. The reactions lead to degradation products and formation of HSS.

The overall HSS formation rate is used for the mass balance over the amkne. Appendix D Thermal reclaiming of reeclaimer systems. An ordinary differential equation ODE solver was used to solve the set of differential equations. This facility has been performing CO 2 capture from flue gas since [28;38]. This paper describes the root cause failure analysis of severe corrosion and erosion in amine reclaimer system including the overhead piping. Simulated data was compared to real reclaimer data to test how well the model explains the conditions in a thermal reclaimer.

The most effective techniques used to purify amine solutions include distillation thermal reclaimingion exchange and electrodialysis.

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