Cleaning, Descaling, and Passivation of Stainless Steel This standard is issued under the fixed designation A; the number immediately. Pickling, passivation and removing iron contamination with nitric acid ASTM A – Practice for Cleaning, Descaling and Passivating of Stainless Steel Parts, . Passivation per ASTM A Posted on November 29, Latest News. APT to Exhibit at SHOT Show in Las Vegas, NV. Advanced Plating.

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Specific treatments are however also specified. Scales shall be removed through chemical descaling, acid pickling, and mechanical descaling. Some of the various meanings associated with the term passivation that are in common usage include the following: Regards, Ted Mooney, P.

I agree with Lee that what you are proposing should not be a problem with the EP’d surfaces. In addition, this standard also includes citric acid treatments.

Give us a call or visit our contact page to passivstion a quote for your project today! Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation. Passivation is a post-fabrication method of maximizing the inherent corrosion resistance of stainless steel.

It therefore in no way precludes the necessity for careful planning and judgment in the selection and implementation of such procedures. Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard. Although cannot see the reason obviously myself?

Recommended cleaning practices shall be followed for welds and weld-joint areas, specially critical applications, installed systems and post-erections.

In addition, visual inspection of internal surfaces is often impossible because of the configuration of the item. Degreasing and general cleaning shall be accomplished by immersion in, swabbing with, or spraying with alkaline, emulsion, chelate, acid, solvent, or detergent cleaners or a combination of these; by vapor degreasing; by ultrasonics using various cleaners; by steam, with or without a cleaner; or by high-pressure water-jetting.


To my knowledge it is not possible to do a combination pickling and passivation. This process pasivation the part less susceptible to rust and corrosion. Stainless steels are designed to naturally self-passivate passjvation a clean surface is exposed to an environment that can provide enough oxygen to form the chromium rich oxide surface layer, on which the corrosion resistance of these alloys depends.

Precision inspection shall be performed by solvent-ring test, black light inspection, atomizer test, and ferroxyl test. The following shall be used as the basis for cleanness acceptability: Others, such as food-handling, pharmaceutical, aerospace, and certain nuclear applications, may require extremely high levels of cleanness, including removal of all detectable residual chemical films and contaminants that are invisible to ordinary inspection methods.

Article: Passivation of stainless steels

Parts treated however must pass specific tests to confirm the effectiveness of the passivation, although in practice the tests are for the detection of the effects of residual iron contamination on the surface of the parts.

In the case of classes C3 and C4, a two step process is defined, with a clean water rinse between the two steps, shown in the table below. It is also quite out of date and needs to be updated. Citric acid passivation as an alternative to nitric acid treatments Citric acid treatments can also be considered as an alternative to nitric acid as both provide the oxidising conditions necessary for passivation.

Tests with acceptance criteria to demonstrate that the passivation procedures have been successful are listed in 7. If you let this solution inside asfm S.

This formula should not hurt your electropolished surfaces. Stainless steels cannot be passivated unless the steel surface is clean and free from contamination and scale from welding operations. You do not need super quality water for these processes; DI passivatuon RO water will be fine.

All information presented is for general reference and does not represent a professional opinion nor the policy of an author’s employer. Consideration shall be given in the design of parts, equipment, and systems that will require cleaning to minimize the presence of areas in which dirt, or cleaning solutions might become trapped, and to provide for effective circulation and removal of cleaning solutions. This practice covers the standard pasaivation and precautions for cleaning, descaling, and passivating of new stainless steel parts, assemblies, equipment, and installed systems.


Depending on the application, chemical descaling acid pickling as described in 5. I currently need to passivate a partly electropolished L stainless steel process system. Materials shall be precleaned. This would attack electro-polished surfaces and is not the kindest way to treat them.

If the piping system is already assembled, there are service companies which specialize in on-site projects of this sort, like Astropak.

While the practice provides recommendations and information concerning the use of acids and passivattion cleaning and descaling agents, it cannot encompass detailed cleaning procedures for specific types of equipment or installations.

Usually it is best to send the spools to a metal finishing shop which is already experienced in and equipped for the process. Office and Postal Address: Unlike ASTM A, the standard does not require specific solutions for particular stainless steel passivahion or types, although 3 specific treatments are identified.

ASTM A380 Passivation Standard

These recommendations are presented as procedures for guidance when it is recognized that for a particular service it is desired to remove passivatikn contaminants that may impair the normal corrosion resistance, or result in the later contamination of the particular stainless steel grade, or cause product contamination. Our facilities are capable of handling both large and small parts.

Related Pasaivation Suppliers of Passivating Products. The standard also allows any combination of citric acid concentration, temperature and time, provided that the passivation test criteria can be met.

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