Genus Baphia refers to using the heartwood of the plant to extract a red dye. Species nitida refers to the wood having a polished surface. Ethnobotanical Uses . Widespread in west Africa, there are no major threats to this species at present. However, it is largely utilized locally throughout its range as a source of building. Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Fabales. Family: Fabaceae. Genus: Baphia. Species: B. nitida. Common Names .
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Click here to see archives of our Plants of the Month. Herbage yields and quality in four woody forage plants in a subhumid environment in Ghana. Seeds almost circular in outline, 1—1. Please view the copyright link for more information.
Leaves are simple, alternately arranged, oblong-elliptic, cm long and strongly tipped. There are citation in web searches related to Baphia nitida Lodd. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras.
There are 19 citations in Afrirefs related to Baphia nitida Lodd. It was used for dark grey and black colours in the wool-cloth industry until the beginning of the 20 th century. For dyeing purposes, the sapwood is removed from the trunk and the heartwood is sawn or ba;hia into parts 30—50 cm long and dried. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Baphia nitida SH baphia nitida.
The leaves have inflammatory activities, antidiarrheal effects, and analgesic activities. In some areas it is associated with superstitions; in southeast Nigeria the Ijo people carve fetish objects from it to protect an area from evil spirits.
A red tinge may appear on wounding the bark, and soaking the bark in water also yields a red dye. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Baphia nitida Aluka – Baphia nitida Lodd. It cannot grow in the shade. There are citation in scholarly articles related to Baphia nitida Lodd.
The seeds are edible. African whitewood Triplochiton notida The African whitewood Triplochiton scleroxylonknown as arere nutida Yoruba and obeche in Bini, is a large fast-growing tree, reaching 65 m ftusually with a straight trunk and buttresses up to about 8 m 26 ft high. It prefers moist baphi. The roots are crushed, mixed with bapnia, and skins are steeped in the dye bath, taking up the red dye within about one day. A pharmacological evaluation of Baphia nitida Lodd Leguminosae ethanolic extract on rats and mice.
Flowers in axillary fascicles, 1—5-flowered, bisexual, papilionaceous; pedicel slender, 3—17 mm long; calyx spathaceous, 8—10 mm long, glabrous but with a nitid of brown hairs at apex; corolla with standard suborbicular, 1—2 cm in diameter, white with a yellow centre, wings and keel white with a pocket near the base; stamens 10, filaments unequal, free, up to 7 mm long; ovary superior, sessile, glabrous, sometimes with a row of silvery hairs along the dorsal margin, 1-celled, style curved, filiform, stigma small.
Camwood Scientific classification Kingdom: In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum dye bath[ ].
It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 24 – 30? Formerly ox-stomachs used as aprons by women were dyed in the same way, then tanned and stretched out to dry. It was a major source bitida bright to dark red colours in the big European cotton-printing industries, e. Always seek advice from a professional before abphia a plant medicinally.
The leaves or leaf juice are applied against parasitic skin diseases, and a leaf infusion is drunk to cure enteritis and other gastrointestinal problems. In small quantities, it was an ingredient of recipes for bronze-green colours and was used as ground dye followed by a logwood Haematoxylum campechianum L.
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Baphia nitida foliage obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately.
Baphia nitida trimmed as hedge obtained from National Parks Board, Singapore. Extracts of fresh leaves inhibited digestion, showed antidiarrhoeal effects and also demonstrated analgesic activity[ ].
Baphia nitida – Wikipedia
Baphia nitida Baphia nitida A paste of the heartwood is much used as a cosmetic for the skin[ ]. Baphia nitida Distribution of Baphia nitida Lodd. In West Africa, powdered heartwood is a familiar red body paint that is considered to have magic powers[ ]. Baphia angolensis sensu Lester-Garland Baphia barombiensis Taub.
You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. It is often planted in villages for shade and as a handy source of raw materials. An excellent hedge plant used in screening off areas, the height can vary depending on pruning to keep the hedge in shape.
In some regions the tree is considered sacred, endowed with the power to protect against evil spirits and to attract benevolent ones. Leaf extracts also demonstrated analgesic activity in mice. Woody plants of Ghana, with special reference to their uses.
A bark decoction is drunk to cure epilepsy and cardiac pain[ ]. Its heartwood is also a source of a red dye but it has been less exploited. Citation in news articles. Description This is a fast-growing smallish tree that can be as tall as 5 m.
Journal of the Chemical Society. Fruits are straight pods, cm long and mm wide, sharply pointed at both ends and with brown, flat seeds. The resulting solution is diluted with water until the desired dye bath concentration is obtained, which differs according to the fibre or type of textile to be dyed and the colour wanted.
Using different mordants, applied before and after the dye bath, and various mixtures with other dyewoods, a wide range of colours from red to brown, green, grey, purplish and black can be obtained. In particular, it has been used in traditional African medicine.