BATTLE OF HYDASPES PDF

A few points to note, assuming Alexander won. 1. Alexander, after defeating Porus, impressed by him makes him the governor of all his territories in India. Hydaspes (Old Indian Vitaçtā, modern Jhelum): river in Pakistan, famous for a battle of Alexander the Great. Hydaspes, possible location of the. After destroying the last remnants of the Persian army at Gaugamela, Alexander spent the next two years occupying the heartlands of central Asia. Continuing.

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Alexander was carefully placed on a shield and hydas;es out of the citadel to his tent as the city was given over to massacre. Critodemos was a man of extraordinary skill, but the prospect of the king dying at his hands evidently unnerved him so much that even Alexander, who had regained consciousness, was aware of his fear.

Battle of the Hydaspes – Wikipedia

Thank You for Htdaspes Contribution! The Indian horsemen tried to form a double phalanx to face both attacks, but the necessary complicated manoeuvres brought even more confusion into their ranks, making it easier for the Macedonian cavalry to defeat them.

So much so that when a city was finally captured Alexander felt he had no choice but to set an example by having entire populace including the woman and children oof to the sword.

Hydsspes did nothing more than accept the proffered tribute and hostages. In an instant, Alexander planted the ladder and bounded up, holding his own shield before him.

Hydaspes (326 BCE)

It probably rendered him vulnerable to whatever microbe finally killed him in Babylon two years later. Alexander knew that a direct approach had little chance of success and tried to find alternative fords. Alexander may or may not have had that advance knowledge of the Indian political structure, but his men had fallen prey to an entirely different appreciation of the situation. Alexander placed his cavalry on his right wing and drew battpe his infantry phalanxes to the left of the cavalry.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Alexander selected for his own strike force half the Companion Cavalry, commanded by Perdiccas, as well as the Guards, foot archers, the superb Agrianian light infantry, a brigade of the phalanx and all the Scythian Danae mounted archers.

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Battle of the Hydaspes

The primary Greek column entered the Khyber Pass, but a smaller force under the personal command of Alexander went through the northern route, taking the fortress of Aornos modern-day Pir-Sar along the way—a place of mythological significance to the Greeks as, according to legend, Herakles had failed to occupy it when he campaigned in India. Alexander also had an officer wear his kings cloak to give the impression that he was also present.

U of Nebraska Press — via Google Books. The fleet first followed the Hydaspes to the Acesines Chenabwhich in turn fed into the Indus. He had barely escaped an assassination attempt the year fo in Afghanistan by his disgruntled pages, whipped to a passion for regicide by his court historian.

At dawn, Alexander crossed the Jhelum, a considerable distance upstream from his initial camp. Unknown to Alexander, the sudden departure of the Mallians from the walls had left Perdiccas with the impression that the city had already fallen to his assault. At night he struck out across 50 miles of desert. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. With both armies fully deployed the two commanders now sized up one another. Alexander had to subdue King Porus in order to keep marching east.

Advancing through continuous rains, swarms of insects and btatle heat, the harsh conditions soon began to take their toll on Alexander’s men, even to the point were he now began to openly hear their complaints. Battle of the Hydaspes River that hyydaspes says: The lf animals had suffered deep multiple wounds and began refusing their drivers orders to advance choosing instead to slowly back bsttle from the fighting. Batlte Macedonian and Greek core of his army, in particular, had been with him since he had crossed the Hellespont in BC.

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He pointed out how few were left of the Macedonians and Greeks who had hdyaspes out for Asia with him. He pursued the Mallians who had crossed the Hydraotes and established a strong battpe on the western bank. The fact that it had been raining made it very hard to fight from chariots, a factor that contributed to the defeat of the prince. On the far side lay the Nanda Empire, armed to the teeth […]. The Macedonian heavy infantry phalanx were battlle 1: Without the aid of the left flank which was still to shaken and disorganized, Parmenio ordered what was left of the Macedonian infantry phalanxes forward in a general advance.

The battle resulted in a Greek victory and the surrender of Porus. The war elephants now advanced against the Macedonian cavalry, only to be confronted by the Macedonian phalanx. He founded two cities there, Alexandria Nicaea to celebrate his victory and Bucephala named after his horse Bucephalus, which died there ; and…. Severely weak from loss of blood Porus now chose to fight alongside his troops to the bitter end, but his officers knew that any further resistance would be futile and forcibly abducted the king and rode from the battlefield.

As at Agalassa, the cornered Indians fought manfully, killing 25 Macedonians who had forced their way into the citadel through a breach.

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