J Bodyw Mov Ther. Jan;13(1) doi: / Epub Jun The ‘Bunkie’ test: assessing functional strength to restore function. Get to know the Bunkie Test and learn how it benefits your athletic performance. The ‘Bunkie’ test was developed over a period of 12 years to measure the function of the specific fascia lines in athletes. Numerous athletes from various sports.

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Demographic information of the study sample is presented in Table 1.

The ‘Bunkie’ test: assessing functional strength to restore function through fascia manipulation.

There were no within group side-to-side differences per gender; however, males were able to hold some positions significantly longer than their female counterparts. They proposed that each of the 5 test positions assesses different fascial planes [ 14 ]. There were no side-to-side differences in test position hold times per gender. Hold times for each position was measured in seconds. Introduction Rehabilitation professionals assess muscular endurance and strength in patients and clients utilizing a variety of tests and measures e.

The test-retest reliability for each position was calculated during a pilot study prior to subject recruitment. It invokes an image of someone doing a Push-Up on a bunk bed, or the name of your pet pug who won’t stop drooling on himself. There were no statistical differences in hold times when comparing male subjects with or without history of musculoskeletal injury.

Table 5 presents Bunkie test scores for male subjects based on age, BMI, and prior history of injury. This is the first study to report normative Bunkie test scores for a healthy, general noncompetitive athlete population.


Twenty-one of the 81 female subjects 26 percent reported history of back thoracic or lumbar region injury that required evaluation and treatment by a medical professional.

The Bunkie Test: Descriptive Data for a Novel Test of Core Muscular Endurance

Bunkie test scores in subjects with a prior history of musculoskeletal injury were similar to those with no history of injury. Mean scores for front row rugby players ranged from the lowest score of The purpose of this investigation was to present normative data for the Bunkie test in a healthy, general noncompetitive athlete population.

The muscular dysfunction in individuals with prior history of LBP is consistent with the finding that muscular function of the multifidus is not spontaneous after an initial episode of LBP [ 15 ]. It was hypothesized that there would be no statistical difference in Bunkie test scores between sides e. There were no side-to-side differences between lower extremities for each test position in this group.

Each subject completed a brief questionnaire collecting demographic information including age, gender, previous injuries to the extremities that required medical care from a primary provider or allied health care providerand previous injuries to the spine or pelvis that required medical care from either a primary provider or allied health care provider. More Cool Stuff You’ll Like. Work with a coach or trainer to strengthen those areas and try the test again. A test was terminated when a subject was no longer able to maintain the proper test position as shown in Figures 1 — 5.

Abstract The Bunkie test, a functional performance test consisting of 5 test positions performed bilaterallyhas been used to assess aspects of muscular function. The relationship between test scores is calculated to identify individuals who may be at risk for a low back injury [ 11 ]. However, assessment and treatment of fascial dysfunction are not accepted amongst all physical therapists or other rehabilitation professionals.


One hundred and twelve subjects mean age years were recruited from a university setting. Hold for at least 30 seconds. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

In general, subjects were able to hold test positions for mean times of approximately 40 seconds except for the MSL test position. Keeping the same hold, bend both knees while keeping your right foot on the bench. You can be released into the gym or the field and train to your heart’s desire.

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The Bunkie test consists of 5 testing positions with each test performed bilaterally Figures 1 — 5. Subjects were shown a picture of each test see Figures 1 — 5 and asked to assume the test position with their upper extremities placed against a floor mat and the lower extremities LE positioned approximately mid-Achilles on the treatment table. McGill [ 11 ] published descriptive data for mean endurance times for the lateral musculature test, the flexor endurance test, and the back extensors test in year-old asymptomatic individuals.

Rehabilitation Research and Practice.

Future investigations are warranted to determine the utility of the Bunkie test. Subjects were able to hold many of the positions for a mean score of approximately 40 seconds.

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