Ctesias of Cnidus was a Greek physician who lived in the last half of the fifth authors who form fragments of Ctesias, most notably Bekker’s. Ctesias returned to Greece in and began writing his Persica, a history of Assyria-Babylonia in 23 books. Books I–VI included a history of Assyria and the. CTESIAS (Gk. Ktēsías), Greek physician at the Achaemenid court and author of Persiká, who belonged to the Cnidian school of physicians, which claimed to.

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It was there that he wrote his books, and it is probable that he also ftesias to practice medicine, for he had the cachet of having served as physician to the Persian king.

She in turn informed the king, who left her to do as she would with the offender. By the advice of the Athenians Themistocles and Aristides archers were summoned from Crete. Menostanes did all he could to prevent Secydianus from putting faith in these promises or coming to terms with those who were trying to deceive him. Of the two histories, we possess abridgments by Photiusand fragments are preserved in AthenaeusPlutarchNicolaus of Damascus and especially Diodorus Siculuswhose second book is mainly from Ctesias.

Megabyzus told him what had happened, how he had given his word to Inarus and the Greeks when he occupied Byblos, and earnestly entreated the king to spare their lives. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate pesrica contributions. Les sommaires ctesixs Photius persicaa, Brussels, ; and F.

Cyrus attacked the king’s army and gained the victory, note [At Cunaxa. Pissuthnes then surrendered, and, after having received assurances that his life should be spared, accompanied Tissaphernes to the court.

UW Press: Ctesias’ Persica and Its Near Eastern Context

For the classical authors any current edition may be consulted. They are now lost but ctesixs quoted by ancient authors; consequently, we are able to judge their value as history low and as works of art entertaining.


Artasyras was sent against them, and, having been defeated in two battles, gained the victory in a third, after he had bribed the Greeks, who were with Artyphius, so that only three Milesians remained faithful to him. The latter, however, were anxious to make the ascent to it, but persicx priests who were dragging them persicz, being frightened at the sight of some snakes, let go the ropes and they fell and were dashed to pieces.

After this, Xerxes proceeded to a narrow strip of land in Attica called Heracleum, and began to construct an embankment in the direction of Salamis, intending to cross over on foot. After the death of Artapanus there was a battle between his fellow-conspirators and the other Persians, in which the three sons of Artapanus were killed and Megabyzus cyesias wounded.

Usiris inflicted a wound with a spear in Megabyzus’ thigh two fingers deep; Megabyzus in turn first wounded Usiris in the thigh and then in the shoulder, so that he fell from his horse.

Terituchmes had a half-sister Roxana, of great beauty and very skillful in bending the bow and hurling the spear.

Ctesias, Overview of the works

Books I—VI included a history of Assyria and the Medes, and the last 10 books were a more detailed account from the death of Xerxes to Indeed, Photius commented that first-hand references were characteristic of Ctesias cf. Cambyses thereupon summoned his brother, who, being engaged on another matter, put off coming. This was due to the instigation of Statira, whereat Parysatis was greatly aggrieved. Here the seventeenth book ends. Having taken Amyrtaeus alive he did him no harm, but merely removed him to Susa with Egyptians chosen by himself.

Menostanes was also arrested and condemned, but cteisas his fate by suicide. For the beetle genus, see Ctesias beetle. The next day he ordered an attack with 50, but without success, and accordingly ceased operations.

Only a few excerpts have been preserved. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: A record of the view that the Persians held of India, under the title Indicait includes descriptions of god-like people, philosophers, artisans, and unquantifiable gold, among other riches and wonders. Artaxerxes himself was desirous of taking part in the expedition, but his friends dissuaded him.


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Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. The country persiva submitted to Cyrus. After his accession she bore him another son, called Cyrus from the sun. Darius, seeing that the bow of the Scythians was stronger, turned back and fled across the bridges, destroying some of them in his perxica before the entire army had crossed. Artasyras and Bagapates also died, the latter having been for seven years the keeper of the tomb of Darius.

The Derbices suddenly brought up some persicw which had been kept in ambush, and put Cyrus’ ctesiias to flight. He not only disagrees with Herodotus, but also in some respects with Xenophon the son of Gryllus.

Ctesias himself, Parysatis’ physician, bestowed every attention upon Clearchus while he was in prison and did all he could to mitigate his lot. He uses the Ionic dialect, not throughout, as Herodotus does, but only in certain expressions, nor does he, like Herodotus, interrupt the thread of his narrative by ill-timed digressions.

His son Mitradates was appointed to his satrapy. The king was anxious to put Artyphius to death, but Parysatis advised him not to do so at once, in order to deceive Arsites and induce him also to submit; when both had surrendered, she said they could both be put to death. Parysatis having relented, Ochus spared Statira’s life, but at the same time told Parysatis that she would one day greatly regret it.

The letter of Ctesias to Euagoras concerning reconciliation with Anaxagoras prince of the Cyprians.

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