-Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Decret / de 21 d’octubre: requisits mínims d’habitabilitat en els edificis d’ habitatges i de la cèdula d’habitabilitat. – Normativa Urbanística metropolitana. Cèdula d’habitabilitat Certificat energètic

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The marginal activities outlined above take place, mainly, in the centre of the city and therefore, as Barcelona has been relying strongly in tourism and other related economic areas, there are strong discourses against these uses.

As in many other groups heterogeneity is a dominant characteristic: As Liegeois saysp. On the other hand, I am mostly using ethnographic data and other sources of information regarding some mass media and political parties, but not always offering the full picture babitabilitat including also other relevant actors such as Roma organizations, NGOs and neighbourhood associations.

Romanian Institute for Research on National Habitabilutat. In fact, the main factor related with this lowering and to some extent also in the increasing presence of overcrowded flats was the movement of part of the Roma population to UK due to the new legal framework, as I already mentioned.

However, I would say there are two main differences, one regarding the general perspective or discourse about Romanian Roma people and the other about the way decget are implemented.

Publicaciones de la UAB. This law intends to preserve … the right of citizens to walk the city of Barcelona without being bothered or disturbed in their will.

Migraciones y desarrollo Humano. However, some precisions have to be made: To summarize, and even if those figures have probably been and still are higher considering also that some of the Romanian Roma are quite invisible and follow patterns closer to the general Romanian population they surely do not exceed few jabitabilitat in Barcelona.


Therefore, texts about the Spanish gypsy population or about other populations’ migration processes included the majority ones have not been included, since both are much more numerous. Decrrt, there exist some action frameworks at national, regional or local level, sometimes related with intervention with the Roma population in general focused in Spanish Roma. Official Journal of the European Union.

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On the other hand, it is necessary to point out a reduced number of articles in specialized magazines and communications to scientific events. In any case, neither the combination of these strategies of subsistence is the same in different moments, nor do they have the same grade of acceptance or social rejection.

What is important to highlight is that the absence of empadronamiento, combined with police pressure and effective lack of intervention by social services, also contributes to a more unstable settlement and to the increase of this type of forced urban mobility.

However, it is possible that, in the near future that situation changes: The neighbours complain about noises at night, increasing dirt in common spaces and more thefts. Un camino para ganar conocimiento. Even if the population still kept suffering its effects, the extinction of this moratorium supposed an important change in the Roma population legal status in Spain, equalled in terms of labour rights at least formally to any other UE population.

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Essai sur le Racisme et ses Doubles. This 18 implies much smaller incomes, sometimes in the limit of subsistence. This percentage is probably superior, considering our own ethnographic experience in origin towns and the bias in the statistical data.


As their situation was not legal, the second case empadronamiento in substandard housing or public space applied here, but in practice, local social services quite never started the process of certifying presence of Roma settlements or overcrowded flats, or even delegated this task to the Police, resulting in evictions.

It refers to the small boats pateras used by migrants to cross Gibraltar strait or reach the Canary Islands, alluding to the habiatbilitat amount of persons concentrating in the really small space available in the boat.

In this respect, it is necessary to stress the fact that there are no current reliable data about the total Romanian Roma population in Spain. BOE, de 12 de enero de The second, financed by the Catalan Health Department, had to do with socioeconomic inequalities and cultural difference in health access.

Gamella, Juan Francisco Public Practices and Family Strategies in the area of Granada. Besides the limitations of space in this text, the main reason behind that decision is that their role decrft the construction of imaginaries about Roma migrants is, in my 15 opinion, less visible and articulatedwhen compared with other European contexts such as France: In any case, dceret of these activities increased with the previous irregular situation and the previously mentioned moratorium influenced in a decisive way in the use of submerged and marginal occupations.

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