The razing of Melos, and the selling of its inhabitants into slavery, was not a ” Strutture e funzione del dialogo in Tucidide e in PseudoSenofonte”, In , La . El diálogo de los melios es un pasaje perteneciente al Libro V () de la Historia de la Guerra del Peloponeso, escrita por el historiador griego Tucídides. Přečtěte si nejlepší citáty od autora Tucídides. Para el político ateniense homónimo, véase Tucídides. Tucídides fue un h.
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The Athenians counter that this argument is emotional and short-sighted.
The work moreover, initially presents itself as a treatise, devoid of rhetorical embellishment, meant for private study rather than public performance but conceived tucirides a very major subject. Jackson of the University of Melbourne has pointed out to me how striking the parallels are between this fragment of Gorgias and the second book of Thucydides.
This seemed to me to account for dialogp intensity of the account of the Corcyrean revolution but not for the tone of episodes such as the punishments of Plataea and Mytilene.
Autores similares Pericles This approach has precedent and sanction in that most sapient advice the King gives to the White Rabbit in the twelfth chapter of Alice in Wonderland: Thebes is not even alluded to in the account of the Pentecontaetia, though some Athenian operations in Boeotia e. The reader begins the account of the war’s origin with an unanswered question in the back of his mind: If it can produce such plausible results about the remote and ill-attested past, it is likely to be much more convincing when applied to contemporary history, the main subject of the book.
On the arrival of the Corinthians the Corcyreans take a more conciliatory line and offer to arbitrate 1. Thucydides himself later makes it clear that the Spartans felt uneasy about their own conduct in beginning the war 7. The Melians argue that though the Athenians are far stronger, there is at least a slim chance that the Melians could win, and they will regret not trying their luck.
Pentelicus and then return to tucieides Peloponnese. Plato Euthyphro 4b-e and 9a and Lysias Note also the elaborate echo of 1. The second is expresed in more varied language but is no less prominent: The old questions about Thucydides, eclipsed to some extent in an earlier period, have come forth again, and, joined by new and even more insistent ones, demand renewed attention.
The length of this war greatly surpassed it, and sufferings for Greece converged in it, unparalleled in any equal time.
Siege of Melos
The strategy, as we shall see, is complex, cautious, and implicit, as we meols expect if my hypothesis about the progressions of thought and feeling in the work is correct. Life of Lysander He is again the wise and sound adviser, but his estimation of the Athenians is in one crucial respect mistaken: When using this technique Thucydides does little to set the stage or provide background or mood.
The Greeks did not send out armies far from their land to subjugate others. But the reader knows tucodides there is a potential irony in the question.
The Melians believe that they will have the assistance of the gods because their position is morally just.
The city was thoroughly chafed and they were passionate in their annoyance at Pericles and remembered nothing se what he had said before but accused him of cowardice because, though a commander, he would not lead them out to battle.
Thucydides made no specific mention of what happened to the elderly males.
Batalla de Melos – Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
No one expects total consistency dialpgo a work as complex, and written over as long a time, as the Histories. Reckless audacity came to be considered the courage of a loyal ally; prudent hesitation, specious cowardice; moderation was held to be a cloak for unmanliness; ability to see all sides of a question, inaptness to act on any.
When Delphi sanctioned the request and thereby implicitly criticized Corcyra’s conductthe Corcyreans haughtily dictated terms to Epidamnus 1. As we shall see in subsequent chapters, all the latter politicians are shown as falling short of the independence and strength of Periclean leadership.
Batalla de Melos
There may, however, be a clue in 2. Were there Spartan readers? Tuciiddes building of tucidide marked that change cf. Book 1 45 When a battle took place at Tanagra in Boeotia the Lacedaemonians and their allies won and there were heavy casualties on both sides. Schadewaldt’s attempt to account for this tension by a hypothesis about the stages of composition is subject to serious objections, as E.
But it is only well after the Trojan War that the process of “uprooting” abates sufficiently for more general security The cause was that by his standing, his resolution [gnome], and his patent incorruptibility he was able to hold back the majority in a free manner.
The narrative shows them in action in every quarter of the eastern Mediterranean, sailing around the Peloponnese They are the familiar ones of author-based criticism—selection of episode and detail, choice of word and phrase, careful determinations of when to draw close to events and characters and depict them with fullness and vividness, and when to draw away and leave them vague or impressionistic. We must never get angry over them and join battle with the Peloponnesians who far outnumber us, for if we win, we will battle again with no fewer opponents, while if we blunder, we lose in addition the source of our strength—the control of our allies.
An implicit strategy might work when one that depended on explicit affirmations or direct statements might prove inert. T diallgo “drawing off the empassionment of their resolution”. The Lacedaemonians moved into the Megarid, cut down some trees, and went home via Mt.
Melos indigothe Delian League orangethe Peloponnesian League green.
Our attention 30 Note the following parallels between It contained the following section: We know, after all, not the author, but the text. And if they [the Athenians] were agathoi [good or courageous] at that time as regards tucididew Persians but are now kakoi [evil or cowardly] as regards us, they deserve double punishment because from being good [agathon] they have become evil [kakoi].
The view, widespread among the Greeks at the beginning of the war, that Athens would not be able to last more than a few years in such a conflict 7.
Thus it would be a mistake to put much emphasis on omissions from the Pentecontaetia, but we are still left with the question why even a first draft would include this selection of episodes. C-B-A ; hence, division at the end of chapter twenty-three is strongly supported. In at least one case, the ending of book 5, the division interrupts an important progression within the work.
As we watch Sparta decide that the Athenians have abrogated the Thirty Years Peace and that war is in order,40 we are also led to a further stage in the assessment of the relative power of the two major contenders in the forthcoming war. Of former accomplishments the greatest was the Persian War and this had a speedy resolution in a pair of naval battles and a pair of land battles.
But I have tried to discipline and test my reactions as rigorously as possible, above all by an investigation of the work’s rhetorical strategy and literary technique.
Even if the much disputed Peace of Callias did not exist, there certainly must have been some diplomatic contacts with the Persians during the fifty years.