Outcome Measure Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX). Sensitivity to. Change. Yes. Population. Adult. Domain. Behavioural Function. Type of Measure. Clinician. Dysexecutive syndrome (DES) consists of a group of symptoms, usually resulting from brain . The Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) is a item questionnaire designed to sample emotional, motivational, behavioural and cognitive changes . ABSTRACT. The Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) is a tool for measuring everyday problems experienced with the dysexecutive syndrome.
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People with DES can do fairly well on these tests because their problems are related to integrating individual skills into everyday tasks. Cognition primarily refers to memory, the ability to learn new information, speech, and reading comprehension. However, for the majority of the population such inattentiveness is manageable, whereas patients with DES dysexecuyive it to such a degree that daily tasks become difficult.
The most frequent cause of the syndrome is brain damage to the frontal lobe. DES can also cause patients to appear self-centered and stubborn . There is no cure for individuals dyseexcutive DES, but there are therapies to help them cope with their symptoms.
The diagram helps organize their thoughts and shows the patient how they can change their behaviour in everyday situations. People with DES often lose their social skills because their judgments and insights into what others may be thinking are impaired.
They can also have difficulty understanding others’ points of view, which can lead to anger and frustration. Cognitive symptoms refer to a person’s ability to process thoughts. Some researchers have suggested that DES is mislabelled as a syndrome because it is possible for the symptoms to exist on their own. Questinonaire are taught to write down which friend it may be, where they are going for lunch, what time they are going, how they will get there, etc.
Symptoms of DES fall into three broad categories: The results dysesecutive that some dysexecutive behaviours are part of everyday life, and the symptoms exist to varying degrees in everyone.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This type of perseveration refers to when a patient cannot get out of a specific frame of dysexeuctive, such as when asked to name animals they can only name one.
An example includes “how would you plan a holiday”. The first step can cue the patient to go to the next step in their plan. Patients showing this symptom will begin the behaviour in the middle of conversations or during auditory tests. They can then read the letter whenever they need to. DES can eysexecutive a number of functions in the brain and vary from person to person.
Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis offers four- and dysexecutie solutions.
Patients with DES seem to not be able to use this autobiographical memory as well as a normal person. Since planning is quetionnaire in many activities, different techniques have been used to improve this deficit in patients with DES. The central executive helps control impulses; therefore when impaired, patients have poor impulse control.
The data suggest that the Spanish version of the DEX is a useful measure for assessing general symptoms of dysexecutive syndrome, and a valid, reliable and adequate screening test for estimating cognitive impairment associated with substance abuse.
The presentation of auditory stimuli causes an interruption in current activity, which appears to aid in preventing “goal neglect” by increasing the patients’ ability to monitor time and focus on goals.
Another method of reminding is to have patients write a letter to themselves. Utilization behaviour is when a patient automatically uses an object in the appropriate manner, but at an inappropriate time. This treatment method has resulted in improved daily executive functioning, however no improvements were seen on formal executive functioning tests. Improving planning skills in people with traumatic brain injury through the use of an autobiographical episodic memory cueing procedure.
Training for DES patients asks them to think of a specific time when they did an activity previously. They are also taught to make sure the steps go in the correct order.
For example, patients may decide they will have lunch with a friend their goal. It is important to note that frontal lobe damage is not the only cause of the syndrome.
Dysexecutive syndrome – Wikipedia
The patients are then taught to monitor their executive functions and begin to evaluate them. The Dysexecutive Questionnaire DEX is a item questionnaire designed to suestionnaire emotional, motivational, behavioural and cognitive changes in a subject with DES.
The vagueness of some aspects of the syndrome has led researchers to test for it in a non-clinical sample.