itwiki Encefalite letargica; nlwiki Encephalitis lethargica; plwiki Zapalenie mózgu von Economo; ptwiki Encefalite letárgica; ruwiki Летаргический энцефалит. Date, Source, von Economo C. Die Encephalitis lethargica (Mit zwölf lithographischen Tafeln). Franz Deuticke, ss. Leipzig-Wien. Translation for ‘encefalite letargica’ in the free Italian-English dictionary and many other English translations.
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Nevertheless, it was often invoked by later proponents of the unitarian position, who, however, often confused this form with the more common influenza encephalitis.
By the time EL began to fade from public consciousness, two major etiological theories had established themselves, without either being able to claim victory in what was at times as much a nationalistic as a scientific controversy: See the talk page for details.
The substantia nigra is a major target for neurovirulent influenza A virus. Comparative severity of influenza and EL epidemics Further, there was no recognizable correlation between the relative impacts of EL and influenza in particular countries or regions.
Encephalitis lethargica epidemica In: The virulence of the pandemic influenza virus: Ivy Mackenzie Glasgow succinctly expressed the consensus: Retrieved 18 September Note Psichiat Pesaro ; It was also generally recognized that a proportion — perhaps the majority — of EL infections were undiagnosed or unreported see, for example, Neel ; Amsel Report on the epidemic of influenza in New South Wales during The pathogen issue inevitably remained unresolved, as the etiology of neither influenza nor EL had been clarified by the time the EL epidemic had subsided.
The epidemiological situation was nicely encapsulated by David and Robert Thomson Pickett-Thomson Research Laboratory, Londonwho concluded their discussion of EL in an encyclopedic review of influenza thus:. But as fresh EL cases continued to be diagnosed despite the passing of the influenza pandemic, the unitarian position lost ground, and was revived only after EL itself appeared to have vanished.
The disease plays a prominent role in the first issue of Neil Gaiman ‘s comic book Sandman ;  the disease, usually referred to by its nickname “sleepy sickness” and only once by its medical name, is attributed to the imprisonment of the sleep-master Dream in by an occultist. Wien Arch Inn Med. Some studies have explored its origins in an autoimmune response,  and, separately or in relation to an immune response, links to pathologies of infectious disease — viral and bacterial,  e.
Zur Pathogenese der Encephalitis lethargica und ihrer Beziehungen zur Grippe.
This lethargy typically lasted from a few days to a few weeks; in exceptional cases it might last for months, but in such cases it tended to progress to a deeper form, sometimes to a comatose state from which recovery was unlikely.
The publisher’s final edited version of this article is available at J Neural Transm. Infectious diseases from nature: Modern treatment approaches to encephalitis lethargica include immunomodulating therapies, and treatments to remediate specific symptoms. These early EL reports all pre-date the arrival in Europe of the first wave of pandemic influenza in Mayand occurred long before the deadly second ecnefalite of August-November Specielle Pathologie und Therapie. Das Blutbild bei 65 Kranken mit Parkinsonismus post Encephalitis lethargica.
The Ravenholt-Foege data are cogent, but not compelling.
Baumann and de Leeuw noted: Clinical experiences with epidemic central or basilar encephalitis. Acute encephalopathy associated with influenza A virus infection. Foerster O, Wilmanns K, editors. Age and gender The preferred age of onset by EL did not vary significantly throughout the s, with those aged 12 to 35 years most at risk.
Encefalite letargica acuta e cronica. A brief description of the disease, with short notes on the postencephalitic lethargic cases treated at the Banchi Indian mental hospital.
Epidemic encephalitis encephalitis lethargica John Wright; Bristol: Encephalitis lethargica is researched and mentioned in the Canadian television show ReGenesisin the last few episodes of the second series EL might be reported early in its course by an informed physician, but more frequently following the later presentation of post-encephalitic sequelae, or even post mortem on the basis of neuropathology.
Letarrgica Liquor cerebrospinalis bei Encephalitis epidemica.
encefalite letargica – English translation – Italian-English dictionary
Die organischen einschliesslich der exogenen Reaktionstypen Entwurf einer psychiatrischen Syndromenlehre auf klinisch-biologischer Grundlage In: Epidemische Rncefalite Economosche Krankheit In: These authors also remarked that EL differed from influenza in that no major organ, apart from the brain and respiratory tract, were significantly affected Siegmund Bull Johns Hopkins Hosp. Constantin von Economo —author of the first paper on EL, letatgica convinced that EL was a disorder sui generisa distinct condition and not simply a neurological response to influenza Economo a ; ; app — J Psychol Neurol 46 1: This contrasted sharply with typical depictions of EL sleep: Others isolated a variety of cocci, but could not be certain that their presence was not the result of secondary infection Ribbert ; Parsons The best described occurrence of somnolence associated with influenza was lanona.
Given the difficulties associated with establishing what constituted authentic EL in Western countries, it would be encefaljte to interpret letargkca fa-aniniva as genuine EL, particularly in the absence of neuropathological data.
In other cases the reply might be delayed an appreciable time, but shows clearly that the question was understood Hallp They have the appearance of being in a light slumber or sometimes even of deep sleep with its typical breathing pattern, even snoring.
This event was much cited by many during the EL period, but few appear to letaargica noticed that Economo had been quick to correct his own early reference to this event.