Ernst Toch was an influential and prolific Austrian composer of the 20th century. Fleeing Hitler he eventually settled in Los Angeles. The Geographical Fugue is. ABSTRACT: Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue” was conceived of as a work for technological media, designed as a recording to be ‘performed’. Trin – i – dad and the big. Mis – sis – sip – pi and the. GEOGRAPHICAL FUGUE. Ernst Toch ORFEON UNIVERSITARIO. DE MALAGA.
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Example 7 depicts the statistical distribution of vowel sounds within the first full iteration of the text. Both fugues appear side by side in Example 8.
ZGMTH – From Trinidad to Cyberspace: Reconsidering Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue”
I chose to [explore] the spoken word, and let a four-part mixed chamber choir speak specifically determined rhythms, vowels, consonants, syllables and words, which by involving the mechanical possibilities of the recording increasing the tempo, and the resulting pitch height created a type of instrumental music, which leads the listener to forget that it originated from speaking. Von Helmholtz, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand.
European Journal of Physiology University of Chicago Press. Listen to Schwitters recite the Ursonate [external link on ubuweb]. I then continue by exploring the impact of postwar technology on constructions of the body in Weimar Republic visual and audio art, particularly in the new relationship between organic parts and mechanical prostheses.
Jazz in Literature of the Weimar Republic. Media, Machines and the New Objectivity.
Yokohama Nagasaki Yokohama Nagasaki. The Sonata consists of four movements, of an overture and a finale, and seventhly, of fuguee cadenza in the fourth movement.
Contrapuntal passages are carefully balanced, with unison pairings or hocketing to retain the clarity of the subject at all times. This was perceived by Germans as fugus national insult, and termed Die schwarze Schmach the Black Shame by both politicians and the press.
As a cultural document, the fugue offers a wealth of information about Weimar Germany, revealing affinities with political and artistic trends as well as the state of phonetic research.
It is remarkable that a work imprinted to tich astonishing degree with the conditions of its artistic production should continue to appeal to a wide audience of our day. Choric speech, the group recitation of poems, was taught in schools throughout Europe and America tocg the early twentieth-century. Voices enter in the geographicql of: It ends with a climactic finale featuring a sustained trill on the “R” of the word ” Ratibor!
If we include all the words in the first full presentation of the fugue text measures 1—8 of the tenor partwe can see that Toch restricted himself to only a subset of the seventeen German vowels by using eight in total, with only seven appearing more than once: His version involves recording himself for all four parts, filtering the spoken words through different electronic processes, and speeding the whole thing up to approximately double speed. The work was composed as the third and final movement in Toch’s suite Gesprochene Musik Spoken Music.
Example 3 maps them onto the Vokaldreieckor vowel triangle, a schematic diagram of the position of the tongue during pronunciation. The tail end of the subject begins with Canada, then returns to Europe via the assonance Malaga, paired with Rimini and Brindisi. University of California Press. The first movement is a rondo with four main themes, designated as such in the text of the Sonata. Perhaps the readiness of this piece for experimental reinterpretation stems from its origins in the conceptual and technological avant-garde of its day.
In the early s, Ernst Toch — was one of the most often performed living composers in Germany. Concurrently, Fleeming Jenkin and James A.
Fuge aus der Geographie (Toch, Ernst)
Jenkin, Fleeming, and James A. Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction. In terms of physical pronunciation, these vowel sounds have different points of origin. From Trinidad to Cyberspace: Africa was a locus of Weimar Republic anxieties, as through her wartime defeat, Germany lost all her colonies, the most substantial of which had been located south of the Sahara, including parts of present-day Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Cameroon, Togo, Tanzania, Mozambique, and Namibia.
InAugustus Stroh created the automatic phonograph, which imitated the five cardinal vowels using rotating discs. Perhaps uniquely in music history, this electronic work has had an almost exclusively acoustic performance history of more than eight decades.
Flight out of Time: In almost all the toh names, the vowel sound goes from open to closed, in which case intelligibility is well-preserved. As quoted in Castelnuovo-Tedesco Although written originally in Germanit was later translated into English under the auspices of John Cage and Henry Cowell and received wide acclaim.
For example, at the Baden-Baden festival premiere of Der Lindbergflugh, a year earlier, the audience sat in the concert hall, while the music was performed offstage and broadcast through loudspeakers into the hall. University of Minnesota Press.
Euthanasia apoplexy Euthanasia apoplexy Example 8: His choice of his raw materials reflects artistic considerations such as economy of means, intelligibility of material and ease of performance, amplified under the conditions of the sped-up gramophone playback.