In , our only Souslik was joined by a pair from Edinburgh Zoo. After hibernation, in spring , we were saw the first litter born. Learn more about the European ground squirrel – with amazing European ground squirrel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Spermophilus citellus with the common name European souslik, belongs to the Mammals group.
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The European ground squirrel is a colonial animal and is mainly diurnal. If you are able to help please contact: The main threats are the conversion of grassland and pasture to cultivated fields or to forestry, and the abandonment of grassland and its reversion to unsuitable tall grass meadows and bushy habitats that do not suit the animal.
Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. During the summer months, there is a souuslik in foraging activity as each ground squirrel attempts to accumulate as much stored fat as possible before the onset of hibernation 2.
Retrieved 27 December The large dark eyes are placed high on the head and the small, rounded ears are hidden in the fur. Mammal Species of the World: The belly is yellow, the chin and the throat are white. Historically, its western boundary extended into southeast Germany 1 2.
After emerging from hibernation in the spring, mating takes place during April or May. Second group of critical threats also has an impact on habitat availability for S.
It needs short turf in order to dig its tunnel system. Mexican ground squirrel I.
European ground squirrel threats The conversion of steppe grassland and pasture into cultivated farmland and forestry is chiefly responsible for a serious decline in the population of European ground squirrels 1 3.
Views Read Edit View history. The European ground squirrel hibernates between autumn and March, the length of time depending on the climate.
The legs are powerful with sharp claws well adapted for digging.
European Souslik, European Ground Squirrel
Spermophilus citellus Linnaeus Like all squirrels, it is a member of the rodent order. Urbanisation, residential and commercial development as well as traffic development with subsequent problems such as the barrier effect, mortality due to collision with vehicles, pollution etc.
Urbanization and road building have sometimes fragmented communities and prevented recolonisation of empty sites. Some of the furopean populations are within the national parks Rila and Central Balkan.
AfricachimpanzeeconservationfilmIn the Fieldlab chimpsLiberiaPrimatesprimatologyrehabilitationtrue storywildlifewildlife filmWildscreen Festival. Breeding takes place in early summer when a single litter of five to eight young is borne.
Common scarlet-darter Crocothemis erythraea. It breeds once yearly. That the European souslik is the only European representative of the genus Spermophilus? European ground squirrel Spermophilus citellus. The females give birth to up to 7 young, rarely 9. X Close Image credit.
In some countries the European souslik can serve as an umbrella species for extensively used grassland habitats and associated species. The colonies maintain sentinels who whistle at the sight of a predator, bringing the pack scurrying back to safety. These include the weaselfoxdomestic cat and some species of birds of prey. Rather over half of the eurppean was spent foraging but other activities observed included exploration, running, sitting, grooming, digging, scent marking and vigilance.
In the short grass steppe habitat the species represents one of the main prey for several top predators listed in Annex I of the Birds Directive, such as the Imperial Eagle Aquila heliacaEuropeann Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina europena, Saker Falcon Falco cherrug etc. It finds this on the steppes and in pasture, in dry banks, on sports fields, parks and lawns. The European souslik has lost a significant part of its habitat and europewn disappeared from many places within its former range.
Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. They reach sexual maturity in one year. The European souslik is a small, marmot-like animal with a relatively slender body and short legs. Arctic ground squirrel Spermophilus parryii.