Gabrieli Sonata pian’ e forte. Background information and performance circumstances. Giovanni Gabrielii () was principal organist and composer at. Sonata pian’ e forte a 8, alla quarta bassa, C composer. Giovanni Gabrieli ( c/). ; No 6 of Sacrae Symphoniae. Giovanni Gabrieli’s Sonata pian e forte: choice of instruments and performance pitch – a new solution. Michael Lawlor. Uploaded by. Michael Lawlor. Giovanni.
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All of these pieces are brought together into a smaller, more manageable tessitura if the high clef 2 I have chosen not to consider the use of alto cornett on this part since the instrument, if it existed at all, was very rare.
The usual modern interpretation of this is to use the tenor violin, what Italians would call a violetta, or sometimes the general name for a bass instrument: It should be played at the notated pitch. Hyperion offers both CDs, and downloads in a number of formats. First, considering the bass of each choir: Please use the dropdown buttons to set your preferred options, or use the checkbox to accept the defaults. The violino part goes down to A.
Click here to sign up. Alto trombones would make a distinctive sound for the first choir compared with the second, while tenor trombones would provide a more homogeneous sound, with only the individual ranges and tone-colour of the cornett and violin plan differentiation.
If we assume the piece should be performed at the notated pitch, what impact does it have on the choice of instruments?
We start by assessing the clefs and ranges for sonatta part, including the ranges if the parts are transposed down a fourth. The septimus should be played an octave higher than written by a violin. My unpublished paper on extant cornetts covers this subject, part of which was presented at the Historic Brass Society Symposium held in Oxford in The cornetto part goes down to g.
Termini musici also refers to octave doubling by violin but does not refer to cornett. The cantus should be played by a regular cornett.
It is still gsbrieli to transpose the sonata gabrirli a fourth, but playing at the notated pitch brings the work into line with most of the repertoire of this period. Each of the modes could be used at a high or a low pitch; here the words alla quarta bassa may indicate that the sonata, conceived outside the modal system, is already notated at low pitch and—unlike the eight-part canzonas?
Although German and Donata writers on music in the 16th and 17th centuries got their Italian terms mixed up, Gabrieli and his publisher, Angelo Gardane, being Italian, should be expected to use the correct Italian terms since they were consistently used in other contemporary publications: The violino part goes down to d, still too low for the violin but would only require a standard-sized viola.
The alto sackbut has had a significant come- back in recent years as a result of growing interest in historic brass, however, it would appear that even in the seventeenth century, there was a preference for the fuller tone of the tenor trombone compared with the alto.
The sextus and bassus parts should be played on bass trombones. This is one step lower than the normal bottom note of the instrument.
Sonata Piano e Forte: 8 Trumpets Score & Parts: Giovanni Gabrieli
The piece is essentially an elegiac melody, expressively harmonized, that is passed from choir to choir; the long-breathed lines do not in themselves create much contrast, until the greater animation of the final tutti. These are shown in the following table.
This includes the following advice, the significant comments are underlined: Again, Gabrieli and Gardane would have known that the part needed a viola and surely would have specified viola in the published work; but there is an alternative solution that means Gabrieli is indeed correct in his designation of violino.
However, some fingering charts from the seventeenth century1 indicate the bottom note of the cornetto to be g, but ability to lip the bottom note down from a to g, maintaining good tone quality sknata accurate tuning, is difficult. Don’t show me giocanni message again. Log In Sign Up.
Remember me on this computer. Both of these parts could easily be played on either alto or tenor trombones or one of each. The other solution to 1 e. What are the problems? Looking at the middle parts, choir two appears straight-forward: Aureleo Gsbrieli, Il dolcimelo c. Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin.
The altus and tenor parts could be played on either alto or tenor trombones gabgieli even one of each. The picture is not so clear for choir one, where the altus and tenor parts are in mezzo-soprano clef and alto clef, respectively.
Sonata pian’ e forte a 8, alla quarta bassa, Gabrirli composer. The sonata has been transposed and the marking, alla quarta bassa, is a description and not an instruction. In modern times there is currently no call for players with this skill: This instrument is frequently referred to for the playing of bass parts in high ranging works, often as an alternative to the trombone.
This means that in the case of Rossi, alla quarta alta indicates the work has already been transposed, so should be played at the notated pitch. Is it possible that the indication alla quarta bassa is not an instruction, but a description? The playing is fluent and exhilarating. September Total duration: Welcome to Hyperion Records, an independent British classical label devoted to presenting high-quality recordings of music of all goivanni and from all periods from the twelfth century to the twenty-first.
The range of color, breadth and depth of sonority and the majestic nobility of the composer’s conception are all revealed in a manner even the most expert of modern brass players could not possibly emulate. Help Center Find new research papers in: Skip to main content. This is a comfortable tessitura and a typical lowest note for cornett writing in many works for which the instrument is specified fore the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries even if sometimes specified as an alternative to the violin.
Is Gabrieli telling us this piece also needs to be transposed down or is he merely highlighting the change in tessitura and telling us that it has already been transposed down a fourth?