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All Departments Documents 1 Researchers. Rock art and ritual landscape in Central Spain: Oxford Journal of Archaeology In this article the rock art carvings of La Hinojosa in central Spain are examined. Their connection to a major transit route recorded at least from the medieval period is explored, as well as their location in a valley located at the Their connection to a major transit route recorded at least from the medieval period is explored, as well as their location in a valley located at the confluence of two primary river basins in the Iberian Peninsula separated by less than five kilometres.
It is argued that this singularity of the landscape seems to have been perceived by the people who marked the stones. From the 17 decorated rocks recorded in La Hinojosa valley, three were exceptionally elaborately decorated. They were situated at regular intervals in the valley. The site with the greatest number of motifs, the large rock of San Bernardino, occupies a central location.
This site is also exceptional because of the transformations which the rock shows throughout the day, pointing to a narrative in which cups and anthropomorphs seem to have a primary role.
It is suggested that gender may have constituted one of the main guidelines of the narrative, given the apparent replacement of feminine by masculine human representations throughout the day. Towards an engendered history of archaeology.
The histories of archaeology have broadly accepted and spread a perception of archaeology as being male-centred, both intellectually and in practice. These accounts, written by male archaeologists such as Glyn DanielAlain Schnapp These accounts, written by male archaeologists such as Glyn DanielAlain Schnapp and Bruce Triggerare inevitably androcentric in their conceptualisation and reconstruction danuel the disciplinary past.
Their versions have, however, recently begun to be contested, as concern with critical historiography has grown, and a few explicit historiographical accounts of women archaeologist have appeared. So far, as regards the role of women, the most extensive contributions are the edited volumes by Claassen and du Cros and Smith While providing an important beginning, these publications show that there is still a long way to go.
In particular they demonstrate a gap in research coverage, as no investigation of the contribution of women outside the USA and Australia exists. This means that, in such a diverse continent as Europe, where, moreover, archaeology has from its beginning had an important social and political role, we know little about the women who hiwtoria in the initial stages and subsequent developments of archaeology.
Indeed, the various histories of European archaeology practically ignore women, as if they had contributed not at all, and as if their presence had not played a role in the social context and the institutional milieu in which archaeology was practised. But, is this true? The responses to such obvious questions direct us towards the parameters used in the writing of history, suggesting that they are the central problem — that they have made it possible exclude women from the narrative.
Granada, Universidad de Granada: Identitet roda i arheologija – Sinteticki pogled. Knowledge capture and transfer in rock art studies: Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 7: Several thousand prehistoric rock art sites are known in Britain, yet the degree arqueoloia preservation of these engravings remains a poorly researched and undervalued aspect of the historic environment.
Our lack of knowledge has severe Our lack of knowledge has severe implications for how we interpret the rock art sites and how we conserve and manage them. As part of the project, a questionnaire was distributed to a number of individuals who, for up to thirty years, have been visiting and recording rock art and who have arqueolofia detailed knowledge of the sites, how they have changed over time and the types of threat to which ve are exposed.
The synthesized results reveal common perceptions of a duality in the rate and nature of decay, with a slow background level of erosion caused by physical and chemical agents, over which is superimposed a rapid, variable degradation from the impact of humans and animals. An all-embracing universal hunter-gatherer religion?
Historia de La Arqueologia Glyn Daniel
Discussing shamanism and Levantine rock-art. In this article I agree with those who see shamanism as a religious technique rather than a type of religion. As a religious technique the similarities in shamanic religious practices all over the world ” can be seen as deriving from the As a religious technique the similarities in shamanic religious practices all over the world ” can be seen as deriving from the ways in which the human nervous system behaves in altered states” Clottes — Lewis-Williams However, I am highly suspicious of anthropological generalisations linking this technique with a particular kind of ritual specialist and a specific cosmological understanding.
I propose that the inflexibility of the typological method in evolutionary and culture-historical research led to a lack of awareness of the sheer diversity of religions and religious practices within hunter-gatherers and early fanning communities. Only recently has this inflexibility been challenged, but there is still a lot of critical thinking to be done on the accuracy of the basis of the anthropological study of religion. Those who work on past religious are, therefore, poorly equipped to undertake studies on prehistoric religious beliefs, and are even less prepared—I would say that we are not prepared at all—to be able to specify the type of religion the prehistoric groups we are studying had.
The lack of ethnographic sources is an insuperable impediment. The likelihood of the neuropsychological method on its own providing a competent reading of prehistoric art.
Historia de la arqueología: de los anticuarios a V. Gordon Childe – Glyn Daniel – Google Books
A comparison between Levantine and South African art has shown how the lack of ethnographic sources vlyn the former prevents us from being sure that the shamanic interpretation fits better than alternative readings. On its own the neuropsychological method is not accurate enough either to distinguish between real daniwl and abstract motifs which happen to resemble the visions people see in the first stage of altered state of consciousness.
Neither arqueopogia it be deployed to decide whether figurative images such as composite animal-human motifs represent hallucinations of third stage of trance or just someone in a festival attire. Notwithstanding my critique, I do not discount that communities who produced the Levantine paintings used trance as a religious technique. It is a possibility that, unfortunately, with the available data archaeologists are not in the position to either confirm or deny.
A claim for a best-fit explanation regarding the shamanic hypothesis for Levantine art simply cannot be justified. Nor is it, I believe, in the case of Upper Palaeolithic art. Iberian post-paleolithic art, identities and the sacred. In this chapter my aim is to look at the ways in which the ritual aspect of the landscape has been analysed in rock-art studies.
I will propose that the use of the concepts of ritual depth of the landscape and of identity of the actors I will propose that the use of the concepts of ritual depth of the landscape and of identity of the actors who lived through rock-art landscapes can greatly improve our understanding of the ritual landscape.
I will apply both concepts to the examination of a specific case-study, the post-Palaeolithic paintings of Villar del Humo Spainand argue that their use gives us a far deeper understanding of how landscapes were ritualized through rock-art. Rock-art and landscapes Rock-art and landscapes: Nations and Nationalism 7. London, Association for the Study of Ethnicity and Nationalism: In this introductory article an evaluation of the emergence and transformations of parallel discourses regarding the past in relation to the political nationalist context in which they were articulated will be offered.
A chronological framework will be adopted, thereby acknowledging the importance of the changes nationalism underwent for understanding shifts in discourses on the past.
The use of different pasts will be a central issue of debate. The role of archaeology as a provider of raw material to explain the historical character of the nation has been a two-sided coin. On the one hand, the primeval periods had an obvious role to play in the quest for unique Golden Ages that formed a glorious national past for a nation.
This appropriation also influenced the study of the material remains from the Great Civilisations found in the metropolis, such as the pre-Columbian past in Mexico and the supposed Phoenician remains in England.
The importance conferred on the great civilisations — and especially on the Roman period, but also on others such as the Greek and Egyptian periods — contrasted and colluded with the uniqueness of the past supplied by a local prehistoric and medieval archaeology.
The result of these parallel pasts was nationalism’s simultaneous use of several discourses regarding archaeology. Although tensions were particularly acute during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the by-products of these debates still exert a considerable influence.
This is one of the key themes that these articles discuss. On the basis of the figures of weapons and crosses a chronology from the Low Middle Age is argued for these graffiti. Several hypotheses regarding the funcionality of the site are enumerated. Encyclopaedia of Historical Archaeology. In the last two centuries, nationalism has been an important factor in the professionalisation of the study of the past.
Although, to begin with, the appropriation of the past of the Great Civilisations — Egypt, Greece and Rome — was more Although, to begin with, the appropriation of the past of the Great Civilisations — Egypt, Greece and Rome — was more significant, interest in the prehistoric and the medieval past soon increased.
Spanish archaeology in North Africa. This paper will explore the institutional basis and archaeological practice of Spanish archaeology in North Africa from until Spanish archaeologists worked on a wide range of periods, from prehistoric to Islamic archaeology Spanish archaeologists worked on a wide range of periods, from prehistoric to Islamic archaeology. Several issues will be discussed, including the ambivalent position of Spain within the colonising world. Introduction; Gender as an analytical category; Hierarchies and power; Material culture: Gordon Childe and Iberian Archaeology.
Historia de La Arqueologia Glyn Daniel – Free Download PDF
Trabalhos de Arqueologia In this article I aim to analyse the mutual influence exerted by Childe and his Iberian colleagues. Using the Iberian case as an example, I will propose that on occasion historiographical analyses of the influence exerted by Childe have Using the Iberian case as an example, I will propose that on occasion historiographical analyses of the influence exerted by Childe have failed to take into account the social context and the different types of readings which Childe’s texts allow.
Moreover, I will analyse the nature and frequency of contact between Childe and his Iberian colleages. Finally, I will pay special attention to the discussion of the Atlantic Bronze Age in Childe’s work, later explaining why its existence was not considered by Childe until his latter works, and then only very incidentally.
Internationalism in the invisible college: Journal of Social Archaeology 7: This article analyses the effect that ideology may have in the relationships established between archaeologists of opposing political persuasions. It is proposed that, for the decades immediately before and after World War II, the disregard of the political aspect when dealing with colleagues can partly be explained by the widely held belief in the absolute value of science, especially at a time when, in the case of prehistoric archaeology, the discipline was being professionalized.
In this article the links established between prehistoric archaeologists of opposing political ideologies is framed within the discussion of invisible colleges, the professional networks which form unofficial power bases within academia. It is suggested not only that they seem to be more interested in the control of academic resources than in political convictions, but that invisible colleges also operate at an international level.
Thus, invisible colleges in each country may be linked with others elsewhere, even when their members live under completely different political regimes.
As the basis for the discussion this article uses the correspondence between three prehistoric archaeologists: Acoustics and Levantine Rock Art: