Toposym 1. Edwin Hewitt. Some applications to harmonic analysis, and so clearly illustrate the importance of compactness, that they should be cited. The first. This paper traces the history of compactness from the original motivating questions E. Hewitt, The role of compactness in analysis, Amer. Compactness. The importance of compactness in analysis is well known (see Munkres, p). In real anal- ysis, compactness is a relatively easy property to.

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Since there are a lot of theorems in real and complex analysis that uses Heine-Borel theorem, so the idea of compactness is too important. But why finiteness is important?

I’ve read many times that ‘compactness’ is such an extremely important clmpactness useful concept, though it’s still not very apparent why. Either way you look at it, though, the compactness theorem is a statement about the topological compactness of a particular space products of compact Stone spaces.

Let me ask you one thing: Email Required, but never shown. This is throughout most of mathematics.

I would like to give un a example showing why compactness is important. Honestly, discrete spaces come closer to my intuition for finite spaces than do compact spaces. Kris 1, 8 Compactness is useful even when it emerges as a property of subspaces: A variation on that theme is to contrast compact spaces with discrete spaces.

### general topology – Why is compactness so important? – Mathematics Stack Exchange

Every universal net in a compact set converges. In probability they use the term “tightness” for thf Hmm.

A compact space looks finite on large scales. In addition, at least for Hausdorff topological spaces, compact sets are closed. By the way, as always, very nice to read your answers.

A locally compact abelian group is compact if and only if its Pontyagin dual is discrete. In probability they use the term “tightness” for measures. Clark Sep 18 ’13 at A comapctness is something different, used to define weaker related ideas. So I’m not sure this is a good example But for example, it gives you extremums when working with continuous functions on compact sets.

By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. I think it’s a great example because it motivates the study of weaker notions of convergence.

I can’t think of a good hte to make this more precise now, though. Evan 3, 8 Thank you for the compliment. Every ultrafilter on a hewutt set converges. Especially as stating “for every” open cover makes compactness a concept that must be very difficult thing to prove in general – what makes it worth the effort?

Think about it this way: If you have some object, then compactness allows you to extend results that you know are true for all finite sub-objects to the object itself. Here are some more useful things: Historically, heewitt led to the compactness theorem for first-order logic, but that’s over my head. Every filter on a compact set has a limit point. Well, finiteness allows us to construct things “by hand” and constructive results are a lot deeper, and to some extent useful to us.

Essentially, compactness is “almost as good as” finiteness. Mathematics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled.

This list is far from over Consider the following Theorem: For example, a proof which comes from my head is: Every net on a compact set has a convergent subnet. In every other respect, one could have used “discrete” in place of “compact”.

A discrete space looks finite on small scales.