Octavio Paz, who searches for the identity of the Mexican people in his study entitled El . In section IV, “Los Hijos de la Malinche,” Paz explains how the word . In this chapter, Octavio Paz discusses the fact that machismo is an offshoot of Mexican historical patterns. He relates . The symbol of this violation is doña Malinche, the mistress of Cortés. When we shout “¡Viva México, hijos de la chingada!. all Mexicans as hijos de puta (sons of raped women) or los Pachuco s and Key words: Identity, Mexico, Pachuco s, La Malinche, Octavio Paz, Gloria Anzaldúa.
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In some parts of South America chingar means to molest, to censure, to ridicule. The magic power of the word is intensified by the fact that it is prohibited.
When they are old and worn out, we throw them away without dr thought, into the wastebasket, the automobile graveyard, the concentration camp. Hay tantos matices como entonaciones: En realidad, no hay causas y efectos, sino un complejo de reacciones y tendencias que se penetran mutuamente. Malincnethen, is to do violence to another. It is true that she gave herself voluntarily to the conquistador, but he forgot her as soon as her usefulness was over. En casi codas panes chingarse es salir burlado, fracasar.
Another malinchr enters here, an analogy that maker this history a true poem in search of fulfillment: Among the numerous patron saints of the Mexicans there is none who resembles the great masculine divinities. And like any object in the business world, he can be bought and sold.
Neither in her nor in the Virgin do we find traces of the darker attributes of the great goddesses: The Virgin is the consolation of the poor, the shield of the weak, the help of the oppressed. Our courtesy may be attractive but our reserve is chilling, and the stranger is always disconcerted by the unforeseen violence that lacerates us, by the solemn or convulsive splendor of our fiestas, by our cult of death.
He is power isolated in its own potency, without relationship or compromise with the outside world. Is she the same as we are? There is nothing surprising about our cult of the young emperor,” the only hero at the summit of art, “an image of the sacrificed son and there is also nothing surprising about the curse that weighs against La Malinche.
The Mexican does not want to be either an Indian or a Spaniard. And it provokes a bitter, resentful satisfaction. Ni siquiera lo ve. El conocimiento que no poseeremos nunca, la suma de nuestra definitiva ignorancia: Her taint is constitutional and resides, as we said earlier, in her sex. He is a dim figure at best. As the intellectual gets more involved with the political environment, his arguments can often become influenced by other factors such as political motivation and pressure to conform.
A historical event is not the sum of its component factors but an indissoluble reality. One word sums up the aggressiveness, insensitivity, invulnerability and other attributes of the macho: On the one band, the Father embodies the generative power, the origin of life, whether he be Jehovah, God the Creator, or Zeus, king of creation, ruler of the cosmos.
Frente a ellos el mexicano es singularmente pulcro. Son proyectiles o cuchillos.
Women in World History: PRIMARY SOURCES
And, at the same time, as a search, a desire to transcend this state of exile. Her passivity is abject: The only thing of value is manliness, personal strength, a capacity for imposing oneself on others.
If we compare this expression with the Spanish hijo de puta son of a whorethe difference is immediately obvious. A psychologist would say that resentment is the basis of his character. Hijoe men bijos born disinherited and their true condition is orphanhood, but this is particularly true among the Indians and the poor in Mexico.
En Colombia, chingarse es llevarse un chasco. As such, does she bide life within herself, or death? La idea de romper y de abrir reaparece en casi todas las expresiones. Utensils are never mysterious or enigmatic, since mystery comes from the indetermination of the being or object that contains it. Unpredictability adds another element to the character of the macho. On the other hand, he is the first principle, the One, from whom all is born and to whom all must return.
Even his relationship with a woman fits the archetype of the young hero, at one and the same time the lover and the son of the goddess.
HIJOS DE LA MALINCHE
Nothing is more natural, therefore, than his indifference toward the offspring he engenders. The mystery of his burial place is one of our obsessions. The Mexican, like all men, converts these circumstances into plastic material. He opens the world; in doing so, he rips and tears it, and this violence provokes a great, sinister laugh. Later these fragments are organized and converted into political theories, which become absolute truths for the masses.
O inventa la figura de Mellors, un guardabosque, un hijo de la sierra. Mexico is all alone, like each one of her sons. In Chile and Argentina a petard se chinga when it fails to explode, and businesses that fail, fiestas that are rained out, actions that are not completed, also se chingan.