grammaticalization, and the book under review is a welcome addition to the steadily In their book, Hopper & Traugott define grammaticalization as ‘the pro-. Traugott ; Hopper & Traugott []), is a basic type of change that may lead to Claims about “constructions” and grammaticalization in earlier work. Grammaticalization: Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott, Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics, Cambridge University Press, second ed., [], xx +.

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The overall scope of this work is to provide an account of tense from the viewpoint of language universals and linguistic typology, that is, to establish the range of variation that is found across languages in tense, and what the limits are to that variation.

An introductory essay for the volume PJ Hopper Tense-aspect: Get my own profile Cited by View all All Since Citations h-index 40 26 iindex 63 Joan Bybee and her colleagues present a new theory of the evolution of grammar that links structure and meaning in a way that directly challenges most contemporary versions of generative grammar. The phonetic erosion may bring a brand-new look to grsmmaticalization phonological system of a language, by changing the inventory of phones and phonemes, making new arrangements in the phonotactic patterns of a syllable, etc.

Frequency and the emergence of linguistic structure 45, 27 I have to sing.

Paul J. Hopper – Google Scholar Citations

Grammaticalization is a process leading from lexemes to grammatical formatives. This particular cline is called “the cline of grammaticality” [19] or the “cycle of categorial downgrading”, [20] and it is a common one.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. However, phonetic erosion, a common process of language change that can take place with no connection to grammaticalization, is not a necessary property of grammaticalization. Selected pages Title Page. It is very common for full verbs to become auxiliaries and eventually inflexional endings. As Jespersen put it.


Grammaticalization – Wikipedia

An illustrative example of this cline is in the orthography grammatocalization Japanese compound verbs. Bernd Heine and Tania Kuteva grammaticapization described different kinds of phonetic erosion for applicable cases:. During the second half of the twentieth century, the study of grammatical change over time became somewhat unfashionable [ attribution needed ]gfammaticalization contrast to structuralist ideas of language change in which grammaticalization did not play a role.

Since it is the entire phrase to up the ante that is the verb, Hopper and Traugott argue that the word up itself cannot be said to have degrammaticalized, a view that is challenged to some extent by parallel usages such as to up the bidto up the paymentto up the deductionsto up the medicationby the fact that in all cases the can be replaced by a possessive my, your, her, Bill’s, etc.


In trauogtt linguistics and language changegrammaticalization also known as grammatization or grammaticization is a process of language change by which words representing objects and actions i.

Pratt,Grammaticalization co-authored with Paul J. The idea of unidirectionality is an important one when trying to predict language change through grsmmaticalization and for making the claim that grammaticalization can be predicted.

In comparison to various instances of grammaticalization, there are relatively few counterexamples to the unidirectionality hypothesis, and they often seem to require special circumstances to occur.

For example, the demonstrative ‘that’ as in “that book” came to be used as a relative clause marker, and lost the grammatical category of number ‘that’ singular vs. From describing a narrow set of ideas, it comes to describe an ever broader range of them, and eventually may lose its meaning altogether”.


Where grammaticalization takes place, nouns and verbs which carry certain lexical meaning develop over time into grammatical items such vrammaticalization auxiliariescase markersinflections, and sentence connectives.

Aspect between discourse grammaticalizafion grammar: In Modern Englishthis form is even shortened to ‘ll and no longer necessarily implies intention, but often is simply a mark of future tense see shall and will. Articles 1—20 Ttraugott more. This was the first work to emphasize the continuity of research from the earliest period to the present, and it provided a survey of the major work in the field.


My library Help Advanced Gtammaticalization Search. It can be described as the loss of semantic content. Their combined citations are counted only for the first article.

New articles related to this author’s research.

For example, the Old English verb willan ‘to want’, ‘to wish’ has become the Modern English auxiliary verb willwhich expresses intention or simply futurity. A greatly influential work in the domain was Christian Lehmann ‘s Thoughts on Grammaticalization Newmeyer Limited preview – In Grammaticalization Hopper and Traugott state that the cline of grammaticalization has both diachronic and synchronic implications. Other editions – View all Grammaticalization Paul J.

Compare the German verb wollen which has partially grammaticalization a similar path of grammaticalization, and note the simultaneous existence of the non-grammaticalized Modern English verb to will e.

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