Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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Hymenocardia acida is propagated by seed and by wildlings. Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Hymenocardia acida is a host for the fungus Coniella diplodiellawhich causes white rot of grapes Vitis vinifera L.

Hymenocardia acida young infructescences obtained from P. Wcida sap and fruit juice are used as ear drops to treat earache and also to treat toothache.

Medpharm Scientific, Stuttgart, Germany. The useful plants of West Tropical Africa.

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The twigs are used as toothbrush. In West Africa it is chewed together with kola Cola spp. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this. Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing. It is also drunk or used as a mouth wash to treat toothache and infected gums. Journal of Ethnopharmacology Powdered root in porridge is given to breast-feeding women to diminish the milk flow.


An aqueous stem bark extract showed significant anti-ulcer activity against induced gastric lesions in rats. Powdered fresh roots are also taken to treat anaemia, including sickle cell anaemia. Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases. A methanolic leaf extract showed very high radical scavenging activity, comparable to tocopherol. The bitter stem bark is slightly astringent and causes copious salivation when chewed.

Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Hymenocardia acida var. acida

Methanol extracts from the root bark exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against 60 human cell lines of the National Cancer Institute of the United States. A root decoction or a leaf infusion is drunk against threatened abortion, as an aphrodisiac and to treat severe stomach-ache. In West and Central Africa, the wood is considered brittle, and not much used as a timber.

Hymenocardia comprises 6 species, 5 of which occur in continental Africa and 1 in South-East Asia. The bark contains amphiphile lupane-type triterpenoids, which are associated with its antimalarial and anti-inflammatory activities.

In Central Africa a brownish red dye obtained from the bark is used to colour raffia hyjenocardia and cloth; the bark contains much tannin and is used for tanning leather. Volume 9, part 4. Leaf powder in food is taken to treat asthma. Hymenocardia acida fruiting branch. Hymenocardia acida is widely distributed throughout tropical Africa, and is locally common. Display spot characters for this species. It occurs mainly on sandy, loamy or clayey soils, ackda sea-level up to m altitude.


The stem hymenocarrdia and roots of Hymenocardia acida can be harvested whenever the need arises. An ethanolic root extract showed marked antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniaeStaphylococcus aureusStreptococcus mutans and Salmonella enterica in vitro, as well uymenocardia spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory activities in vivo in mice and rats.

As Hymenocardia acida Radcliffe-Smith, A. It is therefore not threatened by genetic erosion. Kirkia 10 1 Page Hymenocardia acida occurs throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to South Africa. There are 4 news article citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. The powdered bark, together with parts of other plants, is used as a macerate to treat fractures. The wood is pale brown or hyenocardia, darkening to orange, hard, with fine texture and conspicuous annual rings.

More or less throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal to Ethiopia and south to Angola, central Zimbabwe and Mozambique. There are citation in web searches related to Hymenocardia acida Tul.

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