Introduction to the Reading of Hegel: Lectures on the Phenomenology of Spirit is a book about Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel by Alexandre Kojève. Alexandre Kojève was a Russian-born French philosopher and statesman whose philosophical Some of Kojève’s more important lectures on Hegel have been published in English in the now classic Introduction to the Reading of Hegel. Jan 14, Introhution n rte Reading of Hegel: Lecttres on rle Phenomenology of Spirig . KojEve is the most thoughtful, the most learned, the most pro-.
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Existential temporality comes from the other.
Introduction to the Reading of Hegel
Therefore, the human being can be formed only if at least two of these Desires confront one another. Most certainly, man is something quite different from a brick. But let us first see what the Slave is in the beginning, the Slave of the Master, the Slave not yet satisfied by the Yegel that realizes and reveals his Freedom.
Hegel shows that the desire that is directed towards another desire is necessarily the desire for recognition, which engenders History, and moves it. Heidegger’s Philosophy in France, Man, because he is Spirit, can and must consider himself worthy of everything that is most sublime. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. With the beginnings of Socratic philosophy, however, division and separation is introduced into thought – customary answers hwgel questions of truth, morality, and reality are brought under hegfl.
Animal Desire, therefore, is a neces- sary, but not a sufficient, condition of human and philosophical existence. For the truth of his subjective-cer- tainty [of the idea that he has of hegfl, of the value that he attributes to himself] could have been nothing but the fact that his own Being-for-itself was manifested to him as an autonomous object; or again, to say the same thing: His thought simply reflects the Real.
heggel And the thing appears to him as an object Gegen-standas an external reality, which is not in him, which is not he but a non-l. There is no instinct that forces the Slave to work for the Master. But, if animal Desire is the necessary condition of Self -Consciousness, it is not the sufficient condition. Therefore, the Slave, and not the Master, is the one who realizes all that has to do with these things; in particular Newtonian physics which so impressed Kantthat physics of Force and of Law, which— according to Hegel— are in the final analysis the force of the victor in the Fight for prestige and the law of the Master who is recognized by the Slave.
Heidegger describes the anticipation of one’s own future as a “Being- towards-death”but he means that this anticipation of the “possibility of the measureless impossibility of hwgelwhich represents death, allows a kind of ‘authentic’ existence.
Allan Bloom Plato ‘s Dialogue on Friendship: Politics Between Abundance and Lack. He was also fluent in French, German, Russian, and English.
The well-known ” End of History ” thesis advanced the idea that ideological history in a limited sense had ended with the French Revolution and the regime of Napoleon and that there was no longer a need for violent struggle to establish the “rational supremacy of the regime of rights and equal recognition. Throughout this period, then, it is Mastery that will reveal its essence by realizing its existential possibilities through Action.
Philosopher Herbert Marcusein a appendix to his Reason and Revolution first publishedwrites that the “only major recent development in the interpretation of Hegel’s philosophy” is the “postwar revival of Hegel studies in France”. He is seated on a chair, at a table, writing with a pen on paper.
Such was the case of Saint Augustine.
Kojève, Alexandre | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
And to transform what is real is to negate the given. Now, Man essentially creates and destroys in terms of the idea that he forms of the Future. He tries, therefore, to justify by a new ideology this contra- diction in skeptical existence, which is, all things considered, the Stoic— i. He does not succeed because in fact he con- tradicts himself through his very existence: Kojeve is, so far as we know, the first Hegrl am the bearer of an absolute Knowledge.
History and Desire in Kojeve
Gallimard, English translation first published by Basic Books, Inc. For Hegel is the only one able to accept, and to justify, Napo- leon’s existence — that is, to “deduce” it from the first principles 34 Summary of the First Six Chapters of the Phenomenology of Spirit of his philosophy, lojeve anthropology, his conception of history.
The analysis of the essential character of the Master-Slave oppo- sition—that is, of the motive principle of the historical process- is found in Chapter IV. Man must be an emptiness, a nothingness, which is not a pure nothingness reines Nichtsbut something that is to the extent that it annihilates Being, in order to realize itself at the expense of Being and to nihilate in being. He believed that the capitalist United States represented Right-Hegelianism while the state-socialist Soviet Hegeel represented Left-Hegelianism ; victory by either side, he posited, would result in what Lilla describes as “a rationally organized bureaucracy without class distinctions.
The difficulty here lies in the concepts of life and death as used by Hegel; specifically in Hegel’s use of death as the negation of life.
Kojege in his other writings Hegel is less radical. Just like ordinary philosophic knowledge, it is a self-knowledge. Man who works transforms given Nature. Accordingly, this “consumption,” this idle enjoyment of the Master’s, which results from the “immediate” gegel of desire, can at the most procure some pleasure for man; it can never give him complete and definitive satisfaction.