La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. . 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.
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The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above. The process of deduction required to derive pa conclusion from a prooftext is often logically complex and indirect.
Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia.
Both activities are represented in the “Gemara” as a literary work. Prooftexts quoted to corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:. There are two versions of the Gemara. Demonstrating how the Mishnah’s rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts. The Talmud thus comprises two components: If they do, why do they differ?
Exploring the logical guemarx underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to huemara in their practical application.
Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud. The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. Not to be confused with Gamera. What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration?
The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: The rabbis of the Mishnah are known as Tannaim sing.
Resolving contradictions, perceived or actual, between different statements in the Mishnah, or between the Mishnah and other traditions; e.
Do certain authorities differ or not? It seeks to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible. Every aspect of the Mishnaic text is treated as a subject of close investigation.
March Learn how and when to remove this template message. The analysis of the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim. This article needs additional citations for verification. The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”.
If a principle is presented as a generalization, the gemara clarifies how much is included; if an exception, how much is excluded.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions.
Retrieved from ” https: All statements are examined for internal consistency. guemaar
This analysis is aimed at an exhaustive understanding of the Mishna’s full meaning. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There is little dialogue. Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Amoraimthough many lla them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors. A sugya will typically comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of the Mishna. The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, the Mishnah states concluded al opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim.
Le Talmud de Babylone, Roch Hachana
Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman. The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud. The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. After the Mishnah was published by Judah the Prince c. Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another? Often imputing a view to an earlier authority as to how he may have answered a question: In the Talmud, a sugya is presented as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with guuemara Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation.
By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.
Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1
Sometimes the language changes in the middle of a story. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic. The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law. This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim.
Because there are two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah. Views Read Edit View history. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention.