La Guemara. Le Talmud de Babylone. Sanhédrin. Tome 2. [Collectif] on Amazon. com. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. pages. in8. broché. Un vol. Get this from a library! La Guemara. [1]. 1, Chabbat, [I-II]. [Élie Munk; Désiré Elbèze;]. , Hebrew, Aramaic, French, Book edition: [Masekhet Betsah] = Traité Beitsa: la Guemara: l’édition classique de Vilna accompagnée de notes explicatives.

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Talmud Aramaic words and phrases Oral Torah. The rabbis of the Mishnah are known as Tannaim sing.

It seeks to answer under which circumstances a statement is true, and what qualifications are permissible. Retrieved from ” https: March Learn how and when to remove this template message.

Views Read Edit View history. If they do, why do they differ? Talmud Readers by Adolf Behrman. The Gemara will often ask where in the Torah the Mishnah derives a particular law. Their discussions were written down in a series of books that became the Gemara, which when combined with the Mishnah constituted the Talmud.

Both activities are represented in the “Gemara” as a literary work. Sometimes the language changes in the middle of a story. What underlying principle is entailed in a statement of fact or in a specific instance brought as an illustration?

In the Talmud, a sugya is huemara as a series of responsive hypotheses and questions — with the Talmudic text as a record of each step in the process of reasoning and derivation. In a narrow sense, the word Gemara refers to the mastery and transmission of existing tradition, as opposed to sevarawhich means the deriving of new results by logic.


Some of these debates were actually conducted by the Guemaathough many of them are hypothetically reconstructed by the Talmud’s redactors.

Resolving contradictions, perceived or actual, between different statements in the Mishnah, or between the Mishnah and other traditions; e.

In each sugyaeither participant may cite scriptural, Mishnaic and Amoraic proof to build a logical support for their respective opinions. Exploring the logical principles underlying the Mishnah’s statements, and showing how different understandings of the Mishnah’s reasons could lead to differences in their practical application.

This analysis is aimed at gjemara exhaustive understanding of the Mishna’s full meaning. Prooftexts quoted guenara corroborate or disprove the respective opinions and theories will include:. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

The disputants here are termed the makshan questioner, “one who raises a difficulty” and tartzan answerer, “one who puts straight”. The gemara records the semantic disagreements between Tannaim and Amoraim.

A sugya will typically comprise a detailed proof-based elaboration of the Mishna. The Gemara thus takes the form of a dialectical exchange by contrast, the Mishnah states concluded legal opinions — and often differences in opinion between the Tannaim.

Le Talmud de Babylone, Roch Hachana

The process of deduction required to derive a conclusion from a prooftext is often gufmara complex and indirect. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

This article needs additional citations for verification. The Gemara and the Mishnah together make up the Talmud. Every aspect of the Mishnaic text is treated as a subject of close investigation. All statements are examined for internal consistency.


The distinctive character of the gemara derives largely from the intricate use of argumentation and debate, described above. The main compilers were Revina and Rav Ashi. The rabbis of the Gemara are referred to as Amoraim sing. If a statement is not clear enough, the Gemara seeks to clarify the Mishna’s intention.

The Talmud thus comprises two components: After the Mishnah was published guemqra Judah the Prince c.

Roch Hachana, La Guemara Tome 1

Demonstrating how the Guemars rulings or disputes, derive from interpretations of Biblical texts. Because there are two Gemaras, there are in fact two Talmuds: If a statement appears obvious, the Gemara seeks the logical reason for its necessity. By convention, a reference to the “Gemara” or “Talmud,” without further qualification, refers to the Babylonian version.

The term “gemara” for the activity of study is far older than its use as a description of any text: Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references Interlanguage link template link number Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the New International Encyclopedia. Why does the Mishna use one word rather than another? The analysis of the Amoraim is generally focused on clarifying the positions, words and views of the Tannaim.

There are two versions of the Gemara. There is little dialogue. Not to be confused al Gamera.

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