LEI 10486 PDF

(Millions of Moldovan lei, unless otherwise indicated) Q1 Q2 Q3 9, 10, 10, 11, 11, 11, 11, 12, Banks’ reserves. /) and % (95% CI, %–%) (n/N = /) respectively. Wang D, Yang C, Kuang T, Lei H, Meng X, et al. SIGN IN. YOUR ACCOUNT. Username. Main Details. Status and Registration. Other Names. Other Addresses. Associated LEIs. Related LEIs. Error Reporting.

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Epidemiology of antituberculosis drug resistance — Different patterns of drug resistance were observed in the subgroup analysis with respect to geographic areas, drug susceptibility testing methods and subject enrollment time. Materials and Methods Literature identification Studies addressing drug resistance of TB in mainland China, published in English or Chinese, were identified by searching for original articles in several electronic databases until 31 March The indirect excitation of a photosensitizer mediated with nonlinear optical mechanism is a strategy for applying tissue penetration enhanced near infrared NIR light on photodynamic therapy PDT.

In addition, a decline of drug resistance was observed, especially among previously treated cases, with respect to the end of enrollment time.

As reported, increased drug resistance rates to the first-line anti-TB drugs and MDR were observed in China in the past decade [7][8]. Results A total of articles were achieved by literature search using different combination of key terms from the databases as shown in Figure 1. Second, potential publication bias cannot be completely excluded as pronounced results are more likely to be published, especially indication of some publication bias was observed in our analyses.

Prevalence of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Mainland China: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

The cumulative release of AHU-1 and Ce6 was calculated based on the absorbance at the corresponding maximum absorption wavelengths. Abstract Background The spread of drug-resistant tuberculosis TB is one of the major public health problems in the world.

The most common drug resistance was observed for isoniazid and streptomycin with a summarized any prevalence of Supporting Information Figure S1 Forest plot of the meta-analysis on any drug resistance in new cases.


To minimize the gap between the areas is also an important project to the health system [18].

Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. Vitamin D receptor genetic polymorphisms and tuberculosis: Our results suggested that effective strategies to minimize the acquired drug resistance, to control the transmission of resistance, to improve the diagnosis measures should be attached importance for TB control in China.

Stratified analyses were subsequently performed with respect to the geographic areas, the end time of the enrollment period and DST methods absolute concentration method, the proportion method and BACTEC TB system. Management of drug-resistant tuberculosis.

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Figure S2 Funnel plot of the meta-analysis on any drug resistance in new cases. In total, 83 studies were included. Check in after 6 p.

Included and excluded articles after full-text evaluation. Bull World Health Organ. Pets are not admitted. Anti-tuberculosis drug resistance in the world.

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First, the potential influence of age, sex, ethnicity, economic level and life styles could not be analyzed due to the limited information obtained from the original articles. Please respect the layout of the furniture of the apartment. DOTS in China – removing barriers or moving barriers?

Clin Orthop Relat Res. Third, most included studies were hospital-based rather than population-based which makes the results more prone to potential selection bias. Distribution of different patterns of TB drug resistance among previously treated cases in China. Figure S4 Funnel plot of the meta-analysis on any drug 1048 in previously treated cases. A hospital-based retrospective study.

The most common resistance was observed for isoniazid among both study populations. Epidemiology and challenges to the elimination of global tuberculosis. Different patterns of drug resistance were observed with respect to geographic areas, study period and methods ldi drug-susceptibility testing. H, isoniazid; R, rifampin; E,ethambutol; and S, streptomycin were extracted as well.


High prevalence of drug-resistant tuberculosis and other mycobacteria among HIV-infected patients in Brazil: We found more than a quarter of the newly diagnosed TB cases This is an open-access article distributed lri the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which 10846 unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are properly credited.

After exclusion based on title and abstract evaluation, articles were retrieved for detailed full-text evaluation. Stratified analyses were performed in the present study according to the geographic areas, enrollment time and DST methods.

Finally, 95 studies, 7 in English and 88 in Chinese, addressing the prevalence 1086 drug-resistant TB in new cases or in previously treated cases were identified, and please refer to Table S1 for more detailed information on study identification. Table S3 shows the meta-analyses on patterns of TB drug resistance in new cases in China.

Ninety-five articles performed DST among new cases or previously treated cases were identified for meta-analysis.

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Funnel plot of the meta-analysis on any drug resistance in new cases. Streptomycin, the first anti-TB drug, was introduced in and showed impressive therapeutic outcomes [11]. As suggested by our subgroup analyses, it might be explained, at least in part, by various study populations and study design e.

Furthermore, in these two study populations, the prevalence of multiple drug resistance was found to be 5. The discrepancies between the reviewers in either the decision on inclusion or exclusion of studies or on data extraction were discussed by the study team to make the final decision. Copyright Yang et al. XLS Click here for additional data file. Direct observation and adherence to tuberculosis treatment in Chongqing, China:

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