participatory manage• ment models and the rules and norms established by the National System of Conservation Units (SNUC – Lei #, July 18, ). On July 18, , through Law , the Brazilian Government created the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC, in Portuguese), in order to establish a. 15 mar. Lei nº / – SNUC, a PROGE foi, em casos específicos, consultada sobre a legali- dade de retomada de mineração em Flona, tendo as.
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On the other hand, the decrees that created the other RVS refer to the RVS concept found in the SNUC text, which concerns the protection of “natural environments that ensure the conditions for the existence or reproduction of species or communities” in a broader way. However, throughout the long SNUC development process, the category definition has undergone changes that led it to be differently applied in practice. Federal RVS creation and management By analyzing the decrees that created the Federal Refuges, it was possible to see that only one of the seven existing refuges has some direct relation to the protection of fauna species among its goals.
As it was previously mentioned, the nsuc complied with the international hegemonic strategy especially in the USwhich, nsuc the mids, considered that “in order to really conserve natural resources it was necessary to exclude the populations” BRITO, p. Most federal RVS have overall goals related to the protection of natural environments, but they do not mention the preservation of a specific resource, or even seek to protect relatively small areas that safeguard certain aspect or stage of a natural process.
By making snjc more accurate and strict analysis, one can assume that the only human activities that could be allowed within full protection CUs would be non-productive in terms of production of goods, such as tourism, education or research. Como elaborar projetos de pesquisa. Silva classifies the CU categories in three groups according to the land ownership origin and control.
It became the basis for developing the “Brazilian Conservation Unit System Plan”, which first stage was published inand the second one, in Finally, there are managers who consider the category, in a way, lri a forced practice of sustainable development, as it can be seen in the following statement: The first debates held in the country aiming at creating protected areas date back to the Nineteenth Century.
We appreciate the support given by different collaborators in several discussions and we thank the key-informant for his immediate and solicitous collaboration. It is worth highlighting that the bill made clear that the Executive Power could limit or prohibit activities in conflict with the RVS creation purposes; however, such an item was deleted in Feldmann’s clean bill and it did not appear in SNUC.
However, the bill did not present the definition of ‘indirect use’. The Third World Congress on National Parks was held in and it started the debate about a policy able to correlate regional, state and national development, local populations, natural resources and environment in the management of protected areas.
Although the SNUC elaboration process took a decade to be developed, the RVS category definition, specifically, has undergone drafting changes that distanced it from the allegedly followed model the American Wildlife Refuges.
April 04, ; Accepted: A questionnaire comprising 12 questions was sent by email to the key-informant. Thus, the category concept used to create Wildlife Refuges at federal level distanced itself from the goals or aspirations related to its origin in the SNUC process development.
When it comes to conservation units, it is imperative to consider the existence of permanently protected territories. How to cite this article. According to Rodriguesthe Wildlife Refuge category was inspired by the American National Wildlife Refuges, which purpose snux to preserve lie wildlife resources in the country by focusing on endangered species, and it also provides recreation and environmental education.
These changes led to an innovative configuration within the group of full protection conservation unit, in which some direct uses were suggested. However, these difficulties are not strong enough to consider it as an unviable category. This lack of debate and regulation may also be 99855 in the plurality of opinions formed by the environmental analysts directly involved in the daily Wildlife Refuge management.
The bill also prohibited the introduction of non-native species in the CUs, but it did not mention the exceptions related to the RVS category.
A CALL FOR REFLECTION ON THE CATEGORY OF WILDLIFE REFUGE CONSERVATION UNIT
Despite the concept change that may be occurring, the RVS management barriers remain, and they are often caused by the preservationist trend predominance even at higher ICMBio levels. Wildlife Refuge; management of protected areas; rationality.
The authors highlight that no one paid attention to the interests of traditional communities at any time during the period of developmental lek by the military governmentespecially in the second half of the s.
Therefore, the RVS category may be asserted. The current study is especially interested in the concept of substantive rationality, which emerges from Weber’s frank criticism to hegemonic rationalities.
It was possible to identify the shift in the category focus from specific resources to a broader concept of natural environment as a whole, fact that put it very close to the other full protection categories. The greening of thought drives the time horizon expansion necessary for the understanding the environmental issue requires.
The current study sought to demonstrate that the Cartesian formations and concepts inherent to the contemporary society tend not to allow one to see the possibility of coexistence between the goal of natural resources full protection and the presence of productive human activities. It is worth highlighting again that, according to SNUC law, the RVS category is focused on protecting “environments” rather than “endangered species”, as it occurs in the American National Wildlife Refuges.
In this case, the only land use option would be ecotourism, which can be considered as being of indirect use. It was repealed by Decree No. On the other hand, the documentary research focused on investigating bills, minutes of meetings and public hearings, standards and relevant legislation in order to reconstruct the history of the Brazilian Conservation Units’ creation and management, especially that of the RVS category.
According to Medeirosp. However, the GT creation process dates back to and it is currently listed as “inactive” on the Ministry’s website.
Revista de Direito e Liberdade. It suggests that there might be marginal rationalities, in an open pursuit of Enrique Leff’s environmental rationality, i. The peculiarity of this category, which is shared only with Natural Monuments, lies on the fact that, by being a full protection category, it does not involve land expropriation once the suc held within the properties are compatible with the Unit creation goals.
According to Drummond and Leothe Forest Code and the Wildlife Code were responsible for the future CU categories of full protection and sustainable use, since they envisioned protected areas that could not be used national, state and local parks and biological reserves as well as those where the direct use was allowed national forests and dnuc parks.