Encyclical: Libertas Praestantissimum-On Human Liberty [Pope Leo XIII] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Liberty—one of the world’s most. Encyclical on Human Liberty, one of the world’s most misunderstood concepts is put into its true Catholic perspective. Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum. by Member Supported Restoration Radio · May 20,
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When, therefore, it is established that man’s soul is immortal and endowed with reason and not bound up with things material, the livertas of libertzs liberty is praestantiswimum once most firmly laid.
The Church, truly, to our great benefit, has carefully preserved the monuments of ancient wisdom; has opened ilbertas homes of science, and has urged on intellectual progress by fostering most diligently the arts by which the culture of our age is so much advanced. Add to which, no true virtue can exist without religion, for moral virtue is concerned with those things which lead to God as man’s supreme and ultimate good; and therefore religion, which as St.
From this it follows, as is evident, that the liberty of which We have been speaking is greatly opposed to reason, and tends absolutely to pervert men’s minds, in as much as it claims for itself the right of teaching whatever it pleases – a liberty which the State cannot grant without failing in its duty. To this society He entrusted all the truths which He had taught, in order that it might keep and guard them and with lawful authority explain them; and at the same time He commanded all nations to hear the voice of the Church, as if it were His own, threatening those who would nor hear it with everlasting perdition.
For, if nature had really granted them, it would be lawful to refuse obedience to God, praestaantissimum there would be no restraint on human liberty. The form, however, of the sin praestaantissimum manifold; for in praestantissimm ways and degrees than one can the will depart from the obedience which is due to God or to those who share the divine power. It is for those, then, who are capable of forming a just estimate of things to decide whether such doctrines promote that true liberty which alone is worthy of man, or rather, pervert and destroy it.
For this reason, while not conceding any right to anything save what is true and honest, she does not forbid public authority to tolerate what is at variance with truth and justice, for the sake of avoiding some greater evil, or of obtaining or preserving some greater good.
For, since it derives the prime origin of all power directly from God Himself, with grave authority it charges rulers to be mindful of their duty, to govern without injustice or severity, to rule their people kindly and with almost paternal charity; it admonishes subjects to be obedient to lawful authority, as to the ministers of God; and it binds them to their rulers, not merely by obedience, but by reverence and affection, forbidding all seditious and venturesome enterprises calculated to disturb public order and tranquillity, and cause greater restrictions to be put upon the liberty of the people.
Were this the case, it would follow that to become free we must be deprived of reason; whereas the truth is that we are bound to submit to law precisely because we are free by our very nature. Augustine most wisely says: We now only wish to add the remark that liberty of so false a nature is greatly hurtful to the true liberty of both rulers and their subjects.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
Again, it is not of itself wrong to prefer a democratic form of government, praeestantissimum only the Catholic doctrine be maintained as to the origin and exercise of power. This, indeed, is true praestantisimum, a liberty worthy of the sons of God, which nobly maintains the dignity of man and is stronger than all violence or wrong – a liberty which the Church has always desired and held most dear.
We must now consider briefly liberty of speechand liberty of the press. If when men discuss the question of liberty libertaa were careful to grasp its true and legitimate meaning, such as reason and reasoning have just explained, they would never venture to affix such a calumny on the Church as to assert that she is the foe of individual and public liberty.
It follows, therefore, that the law of linertas is the same thing as the eternal lawimplanted in rational creatures, and inclining them to their right action and end ; and can be nothing else but the eternal reason of God, the Creator and Ruler of all the world.
Since, however, both these faculties are imperfect, it is possible, as is often seen, that the reason should propose something which libergas not really good, but which has the appearance of good, and that the will should choose accordingly. If unbridled license of speech and of writing be granted to all, nothing will remain sacred and inviolate; even the highest and truest mandates of natures, praestanntissimum held to be the common and noblest heritage of the human race, will not be spared.
To deny the existence of this authority in God, or to refuse to submit to it, means to act, not as a free man, but as one who treasonably abuses his liberty; and in prestantissimum a disposition of mind the chief and deadly vice of liberalism essentially consists.
Religion, truth, and justice must ever be maintained; and, as God has intrusted these great and sacred matters to her office as to dissemble in regard to what is false or unjust, or to connive at what is hurtful to religion.
But the manner in which such dignity is exercised is of the greatest moment, inasmuch as on the use that is made of liberty the highest good and the greatest evil alike depend. The hope has been disappointed by the result. And within the sphere of this kind of laws libertzs duty of the civil legislator is, mainly, to keep the community in obedience by the adoption of a common discipline and by putting restraint upon refractory and viciously inclined men, so that, deterred from evil, they may turn to what is good, or at lobertas rate may avoid causing trouble and disturbance to the State.
History bears praestantiissimum to the energy with which she met the fury of the Manichaeans and others like them; and the earnestness with which in later years she defended human liberty at the Council of Trent, and against the followers of Jansenius, is known to all. These truths she has always taught, and has sustained them as a dogma of faith, and whensoever heretics or innovators have attacked the liberty of man, the Church has defended it and protected this noble possession from destruction.
Men have a right freely and prudently to propagate throughout praetantissimum State what things soever are true and honorable, so that as many as possible may possess them; but lying opinions, than which no mental plague is greater, libegtas vices which corrupt the heart and moral life should be diligently repressed by public authority, lest they insidiously work the ruin of the State.
Of this we have almost daily evidence in the praestantissimym with socialists and members of other seditious societies, who labor unceasingly to bring about revolution. For public authority exists for the welfare of those whom it governs; libetras, although its proximate end is to lead men to the prosperity found in this life, yet, in so doing, it ought not to diminish, but rather to increase, man’s capability of attaining to the supreme good in which his everlasting happiness consists: Nor does she blame those who wish to assign to the State the power of libedtas, and to its citizens the greatest possible measure of prosperity.
But it is not so in regard to practices and doctrines which a perversion of morals and a warped judgment have unlawfully introduced.
Augustine, De libero arbitriolib. Indeed, if the human mind be so presumptuous as praesyantissimum define the nature and extent of God’s rights and its own duties, reverence for the divine law will be apparent rather than real, and arbitrary judgment will prevail over the authority and providence of God.
But, assuredly, of all the duties which man has libetras fulfill, that, without doubt, is the chiefest and holiest which commands him to worship God with devotion and piety. There are others, somewhat more moderate though not more consistent, who affirm that the morality of individuals is to be guided by the divine law, but praestantissijum the morality of the State, for that in public affairs the commands of God may be passed over, and may be entirely disregarded in the framing of laws.
For, what reason and the natural law do for individuals, that human lawpromulgated for their good, does for the citizens of States. And his judgment not only decides what is right or wrong of its own nature, but also what is practically good and therefore to be chosen, and what is practically evil and therefore to be avoided.
Likewise, the liberty of those who are in authority does not consist in the power to lay unreasonable and capricious commands upon their subjects, which would equally be criminal and would lead to the ruin of the commonwealth; but the binding force of human laws is in this, that they are to be regarded as applications of the eternal law, and incapable of sanctioning anything which is not contained in the eternal law, as in the principle of all law. In other words, the reason prescribes to the will what it should seek after or shun, in order to the eventual attainment of man’s last end, for the sake of which all his actions ought to be performed.
From all this may be understood the nature and character of that liberty which the followers of liberalism so eagerly advocate and proclaim. As the Catholic Church declares in the strongest terms the simplicity, spirituality, and immortality of the soul, so with unequalled constancy and publicity she ever also asserts its freedom.
Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum – True Restoration
But the will cannot proceed to act until it is enlightened by the knowledge possessed by the intellect. Summa theologiaeIIa-IIae, q. As a pledge of these heavenly gifts, and in witness of Our good will to you, venerable brothers, and to the clergy and people committed to each of you, We most lovingly grant in the Lord the apostolic benediction.
But where the power to command is wanting, or where a law is enacted contrary to reason, or to the eternal law, or to some ordinance of God, obedience is unlawful, lest, while obeying man, we become disobedient to God.
Laws come before men live together in society, and have their origin in the natural, and consequently in the eternal, law.