His treatise, De voluptate (), voiced Epicurean and Christian hedonist ideas that Lorenzo Valla was born in Rome, Italy, around Loading data.. Open Bottom Panel. Go to previous Content Download this Content Share this Content Add This Content to Favorites Go to next Content. ← →. circulated in under the name De voluptate (On Pleasure), later restyled as 6 John Monfasani, ‘The Theology of Lorenzo Valla’, in Humanism and Early.

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Should we not deplore what has been deplored by many, namely that we have absorbed with our mother’s milk the love of vices?

This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. Alfonso eventually succeeded in having these charges dropped. I pass over in silence with what pain good habits are inculcated. In him posterity honors not so much the scholar and the stylist as the man who initiated a bold method of criticism, which he applied alike to language, to historical documents, and to ethical opinions. It is difficult to count all whom those questioners rank above the latter.

Lorenzo Valla: Of the True and the False Good ()

Unlike Valla, Ockham does not want to get rid of the system of categories. Nor am I indignant because a great many kinds of vices have been found I am willing to ignore the fact, I endure it, I bear it ; rather am I angered because too few oorenzo of virtues have been lroenzo, and – most shamefully – because the vices, although dissenting among themselves, still make common cause against us as though by treaty, assemble against us and, as it were, encircle us, who, not having enough to do to avoid one sin, are also in danger of yielding to another, not of a dissimilar variety such as falling from avarice into cowardicebut of the very same sort like falling from the avarice that I have mentioned into prodigality, both of which vices are the contrary of liberality.

Forthright though these attacks were, humanism was not essentially anti-Christian, for it generally remained faithful to Christian beliefs, and the papal court itself regarded humanism as a force to be assimilated rather than defeated. On the other hand, Valla states apodictically that there are two pleasures: An English translation was published for Thomas Cromwell in His father, Luca della Valla, was a lawyer from Piacenza.

Lorenzo or Laurentius Valla c. Umanesimo lprenzo teologiaFlorence: He seems to argue that the Epicurean position is valid only for the period before the coming of Christ. Dilemma, too, receives extensive treatment from him.


On the other hand, Virtue [honestas], who teaches and participates in the divine blessings, seems to most to be harsh, sour, and bitter. Behind this inconsistency, therefore, lies a consistent program of replacing philosophical speculation and theorizing with an approach based on common linguistic practice and common sense. Fortitude is the only true virtue, because virtue resides in the will, since our actions, to which we assign moral qualifications, proceed from the volupttae. Indeed a kind of probable pleasure is not lacking in this life, df the greatest such comes from the hope of future happiness, when the mind, which is aware of right action, and the spirit, which unceasingly contemplates divine things, consider themselves a kind of candidate for the heavenly, represent to themselves the promised honors, and in a way make them present – the more happily and zestfully, the more candidates and competitors it has seen.

A similar critique of the rather arbitrary voluprate to a limited set of words fe applied to the scholastic notion of modality Valla Repastinatio—; — Valla’s work was goluptate when it appeared, but its arguments carried the day. He thus thinks that it is ridiculous to imagine prime matter without any form or form without any matter, or to define a line as that which has no width and a point as an indivisible quantity that occupies no space.

How much pleasure there is, each time that we are rcstored and refreshed by shade or breeze during the hottest summer, or by a fire when we loenzo been pinched and nipped by snow and wind! They ought to be approved because the virtuous and pleasure are both excellent things; they ought to be disapproved because they should be understood differntly from the ways that your arguments intended.

Lorenzo Valla

I am not concerned about your talking of the immortal gods. Monfasani, Greeks and Latins in Renaissance Italy: Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article. But more of this later. If you have come into possession of infinitely better goods, why, stupid men, do you continue to tickle yourselves with the desire for trifles? In placing himself in opposition to what he regarded as the Aristotelian paradigm, Valla often interprets certain doctrines—the syllogism, hypothetical syllogism, modal propositions, and the square of contraries—in ways they were not designed for.

De professione religiosorumwas a criticism of the monastic lifestyle.

Volultate has engendered in us a certain calamitous love of delighting in our own sickness, and the vices that are the plagues of our minds are a source of our pleasure. His aim was to open up new currents of thought, rather than to construct a philosophical system of his own. He is best known for his textual analysis that proved that the Donation of Constantine was a forgery.


You believe not that there is one virtue but that there is none. Umanesimo, riforma, e ControriformaRome: We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles.

As long as one realizes, Ockham says, that categories do not describe things in the world but categorize terms by which we signify real substances or real inhering qualities in different ways, the categories can be maintained and the specific features of, for example, relational or quantitative terms can be explored. Niccoli is pronounced the winner of the debate, but Panormita presents his arguments eloquently and it is not clear which opinion is supported by Valla himself.

Dialecticae disputations strongly opposes Aristotle and the Scholastics, more on the grounds of their use or misuse of language than of their philosophical tenets. Likewise, from his oratorical point of view, he can only treat the third figure of the syllogism with contempt: Are such great honesty, justice, faith, piety, and the chorus of their other virtues in no way able to aid them so that they should not be consigned to the company of the impious, the impure, and the evil, and thrust down into eternal torture – these men we call saintly and blessed?

Dialectic is a species of confirmation and refutation; and, as such, it is merely a component of invention, one of the five parts of rhetoric Repastinatio; Let us now return to balla matter of judging your debate and to the description of the true good. But the rich array of Latin terms signify, in the final analysis, the qualities or actions of things, and nothing exists apart from concrete things.

Certainly, an orator’s greatest strength is in pleasing, and this expedient has been followed here expressly to speak of my intentions in order to reproach more strongly those ancients who professed any religion whatever that differed from ours.

And what are these goods?

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