Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.

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Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing Burmese-language text Commons category link from Wikidata Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms. Ahmednagar, Kolhapur, Nasik, Pune Karnataka: Initially considered a potential dry season supplement for low quality native pasture. Usually grows in open forestsometimes in monsoon forest.

Life cycles are treated in the field for Life Cycle.

Leaf disease can be a problem in uhiflorum rainfall areas. African collections originate from areas with macrotylomaa rainfall from — mm, and Indian collections, —2, mm, and the overall majority from —1, mm, usually with a high summer dominance.

The chemical composition is comparable with more commonly cultivated legumes. Choice of useful plant species from forests for domestication has been found to start simultaneo Normally drilled or broadcast into a well-prepared seedbed, but can establish with little ground disturbance.

Grown as a grain crop in India; one of the few native Australian species used as a crop. Media related to Macrotyloma uniflorum at Wikimedia Commons. Horse Gram uinflorum mainly cultivated in India. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research40— Stipules hairy, triangular, about x 2 mm.


Macrotyloma uniflorum – Wikipedia

In traditional Ayurvedic cuisine, horse gram is considered a food with medicinal qualities. Twining, sub-erect annual with cylindrical, slightly hairy to tomentose stems, 30—60 cm tall in pure stands, or 60—90 cm with support framework.

Thus, it has remained an underutilized food legume. A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured.

Technology Biodiversity in India. However, it is sensitive to becoming waterlogged, and is completely intolerant of frost Jones, In high rainfall conditions, another leaf spot Ascochyta sp. Demography and Conservation Demography and Conservation. It is prescribed for persons suffering from jaundice or water retention and as part of a weight unifloum diet.

India Biodiversity Portal

Seeds per fruiteach seed about 3. All plant parts macrofyloma in short translucent hairs. Seed yields vary markedly with growing conditions. Hooker’s icones plantarum38uniclorum Yellow mosaic virus is one of the major constraints for its cultivation in peninsular India. Scientists from the Indian Institute of Chemical Technology have found that unprocessed raw horse gram seeds not only possess antihyperglycemic properties, but also have qualities which reduce insulin resistance.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Horse gram is a short day, twining, succulent, annual climbing herb which kacrotyloma trifoliate leaves, white coloured flowers, long linear pubescent pods with curved beak, flattened small seeds with light red, brown, grey, black or mottled testa with photo and thermo-sensitive nature. Lateral leaflet blades asymmetrical at the base. The crude extracts of horse gram plant possess compounds with antimicrobial properties with a broad spectrum of activity against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and fungi.


Seed is sown in spring to early summer, 1—1. It has high nutritional value equivalent to other commonly grown pulse crops in all aspects and also an excellent source of iron, molybdenum and calcium. Macroptilium uniflogumStylosanthes scabra. Click on images to enlarge.

Short day and day neutral in flowering response. The pods are indehiscent and retain the seed. Radicle about 3 mm long, curved around the outside of the cotyledons.

Scientific name

Leichhardt inset shows different ecotype. Bean fly Ophiomyia AgromyzaMelanagromyza phaseoli: Idukki, Palakkad, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram. Promising accessions Country Details None reported. Flowers are self-fertile and cleistogamous, although evidence of some cross-pollination by insects.

Document specific search options Title. Green fodder can be cut as soon as 6 weeks after sowing. It is commonly used in making pon ye gyia fermented bean paste used in traditional Burmese cuisine. The horse gram is normally used to feed horses, though it is also commonly used in cooking. Kew Bulletin24— Observation specific search options Observed during.

Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Uniflorumm and lower surfaces of the leaflet blades clothed in prostrate hairs. It is used to make popular dishes like ChanaChholeykulitan saaru, kulitan upkari, kulitan ghassi coconut curry preparationand idli -like preparation but not fermented called kulitan sannan. It matures in 4 to 6 months. Lateral veins about on each side of the midrib.

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