In , the anti-Fascist activists Ernesto Rossi and Altiero Spinelli, placed under house arrest on the Italian island of Ventotene, draw up a manifesto for a free. Download, Total Views, Stock, ∞. File Size, KB. File Type, pdf. Create Date, Wednesday December 7th, Last Updated. Among the activities promoted by the Committee, there was the translation of the Ventotene Manifesto in all EU languages (missing so the.
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However camouflaged, the reality is always the same: The Ventotene Manifesto — Greek Liberal and democratic systems increasingly lost their prestige by becoming the tools that these groups will always resort to in order to exploit all manifesfo society even more.
It has even rekindled this yearning among the peoples in the Axis countries who realize they have been dragged down into a desperate situation, simply to satisfy their rulers’ lust for power. They give their adversaries the weapons they need to overthrow them.
The Ventotene Manifesto — Slovenian This attitude makes the Communists, during revolutionary crises, more efficient than the democrats. Generals would again command, the monopoly holders would again draw profits from autarchies, the bureaucracy would continue to swell, the priests vrntotene keep the masses docile.
A real revolutionary movement must arise from among those who have been bold enough to criticize the old political approaches and it must be able to collaborate with democratic and with communist forces; and generally with all those who work for the break-up of totalitarianism, without, however, becoming ,anifesto by the political practices of any of these. Most probably, the British leaders, perhaps in manifrsto with the Americans, will try to push things in this direction, in order to restore balance-of-power politics, in the apparent immediate interests of their empires.
They are suitable leaders only in times of ordinary administration, when the overall population is convinced of the validity of the basic institutions and believe that any amendment should be restricted to relatively secondary matters.
The colossal fortunes of a very few people have been preserved, as has the poverty of the masses, excluded from the enjoyment of the fruits of modern culture. Inpromoted by the University La Sapienza in Rome under the patronage of the President of the Republic, the National Committee was established for the celebrations of the hundredth anniversary of the birth of Altiero Spinelli.
The multiple problems which poison international life on the continent have proved to be insoluble: Political freedom with these foundations will not just have a formal meaning but a real meaning for all since citizens will be independent, and will be sufficiently informed as to be able to exert continuous and effective control over the ruling class. Taxes on unearned income and inheritances, higher taxes levied on larger incomes, tax exemptions for low incomes and essential goods, free public schooling, greater social security spending, land reforms, inspection of factories and manufacturing plants were all achievements that threatened the privileged classes in their well-fortified citadels.
In order to respond to our needs, the European revolution must be socialist, i. Ventotenf jealousies would be revived, and State would again seek to fulfil its requirements in its armed strength. Taking as its starting point the problem which is the source of greatest manifetso to individuals and classes, it must show how this problem is linked to amnifesto problems, and what the real solution will be.
Totalitarian States are precisely those which have unified all their forces in the most coherent way, by implementing the greatest possible degree of centralization and autarky. In the brief, intense period of general crisis when the States will lie broken, when the masses will be anxiously waiting for a new message, like molten matter, burning, and easily shaped into new moulds capable of accommodating the guidance of serious internationalist minded menthe most privileged classes in the old national systems will attempt, by underhand or violent methods, to dampen the wave of internationalist feelings and passions and will ostentatiously begin to reconstruct the old State institutions.
The Ventotene Manifesto in all EU laguanges – Istituto di Studi Federalisti Altiero Spinelli
But if the revolutionary party continues resolutely from the very outset to create the conditions required for individual freedom whereby every citizen can really participate in the State’s life, which will ventotne, despite secondary political crises, towards increasing understanding and acceptance of the new order by all – hence towards an increasing possibility of working effectively and creating free political institutions.
A free and united Europe is the necessary premise to the fentotene of modern civilization as regards which the totalitarian era is only a temporary setback. The Ventotene Manifesto — English It will be the triumph of democratic beliefs. All those countries which managed to escape Germany’s grasp would be forced to adopt the very same forms of political organization to be adequately prepared for the continuation of hostilities.
This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat They do not want to force the hand of “history”, or “the people”, or “the proletariat”, or whatever other name they give their God.
Wednesday December 7th, Monday January 9th, admin manifesto di ventoteneventotene manifesto. But from this gradually increasing circle of sympathizers, it must pick out and recruit into the organisation only those who have identified and accepted the European revolution as the main goal in their lives, manifesho carry out the necessary work with strict discipline day in day out, carefully checking up on its continuous and effective safety, even in the most dangerously illegal situations.
The Ventotene Manifesto and the European Union at sixty
This guiding principle is a natural feature in the process of forming a European economic life freed from the nightmares of militarism or national bureaucratism. Already in the past we have seen how they wormed their way into popular movements, paralyzing, deflecting and altering them into precisely the opposite of what they are.
They always need to hide behind a Karoly, a Blum, a Negrin, only to fall headlong into ruin with the democratic puppets they used, since power is achieved and maintained, not simply through cunning but with the ability to respond fully and viably to the needs of modern society. The huge forces of progress that spring from individual interests, must not be extinguished by the grey dullness of routine.
The workers, educated in the class system, cannot see beyond the demands of their particular class or even their professional category and fail to concern themselves with how their interests link up with those of other social classes. Subsequently, in fact, totalitarian regimes consolidated the position of the various social categories at the levels they had gradually achieved. This struggle against German imperialism is closely linked to the Chinese people’s struggles against Japanese imperialism.
The British referendum was characterized by deep divisions and heated debates, where anger, disappointment and anxiety, were present in the political and social spheres. The Ventotene Manifesto — Slovakian It eliminated many obstacles hindering the free movement of people and goods.
According to Eurobarometer survey datathese are fostering social equality and solidarity, protecting the environment, and improving living and education standards. There are no grounds for fearing that such a revolutionary regime will develop into renewed despotism.
The Ventotene Manifesto 1. Modern civilization has taken the principle of freedom as its basis, a principle which manifeeto that man must not be a mere instrument to be used by others but an autonomous centre of life. The principle whereby the class struggle is the condition to which all political problems are reduced, has become the fundamental guideline of factory workers in particular, and gave consistency to their politics for as long as the fundamental institutions were not questioned.
Ventoteje, the domestic politics in countries holding general and presidential elections is characterised by the strengthening of the vote for populist and populist radical-right parties, with Marine Le Pen in France asserting that Britain has shown the world the way.
Articles containing Italian-language text. The slow process which led huge masses of men to be meekly shaped by the new regime, who adjusted to it and even contributed to its consolidation, has been halted and the reverse process has started.
A political organization of this kind made it possible to correct or at least to minimize many of the most strident injustices inherited from previous regimes. Here we publish all the translations, thanking the Spinelli Committee for permission. They think it their duty to form a consensus and they represent themselves as exhortatory preachers, where instead there is a need for leaders who know just what they want.
Therefore, the dividing line between progressive and reactionary parties no longer coincides with the formal lines of more or less democracy, or the pursuit of more or less socialism, but the division falls along a very new and substantial line: Huge masses of men and wealth are already drawn up against totalitarian powers whose strength has already reached its peak and can now only gradually consume itself.
The social ethic of freedom and equality has itself been undermined. With propaganda and action, seeking to establish in every possible way the agreements and links among the individual movements which are certainly in the process of being formed in the various countries, the foundation must be built now for a movement that knows how to mobilize all forces for the birth of the new organism which will be the grandest creation, and the newest, that has occurred in Europe for centuries; in order to constitute a steady federal State, that will have at its disposal a European armed service instead of national armies; that will break decisively economic autarkies, the backbone of totalitarian regimes; that will have sufficient means to see that its deliberations for the maintenance of common order are executed in the individual federal sates, while each State will retain the autonomy it needs for a plastic articulation and development of political life according to the particular characteristics of the various peoples.
II – Post-war tasks.